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Calculate the center of mass of a semi-circular metal plate

  1. Oct 8, 2007 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    (Q) Calculate the center of mass of a semi-circular metal plate of uniform density ρ and thickness t. Let the radius of the plate be a. The mass of the plate is thus 1/2 (ρπat2). In your co-ordinate system, you must consider the x axis passing through the bottom of the plate and the y-axis to be bisecting the metal plate.


    2. Relevant equations

    xcm = 1/M int [xdm] and ycm = 1/M int[ydm]

    3. The attempt at a solution

    If we take a small change in length dx, the area of the rectangle formed will be adx. The volume therefore will be atdx. The change in mass dm = ρatdx.

    Substituting and integrating gives us 2a/π which is definitely wrong since under the is co-ordinate system, x-value should come to 0 as it is a uniform object. Am I right? Please help me!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 9, 2007 #2

    learningphysics

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    Homework Helper

    The height of the rectangle is not a... it is [tex]\sqrt{a^2 - x^2}[/tex].
     
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