• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products Here!

Calculating moment of inertia of a complicated system

  • #1

Homework Statement


I am currently doing a lab investigating the relationship between the moment of inertia and speed.
I have attached some pictures of my 'wheel' that is going to be rolled down a ramp. FYI i will be using a photogate to measure the time it takes the black strip to pass through. Initially, I thought the magnets were creating the 'hollow' part of the disc, but apparently i am wrong, and I am wondering how to calculate the moment of inertia of the magnet and then apply the moment of inertia to the equation mgh=1/2mv^2+I system (omega)^2.


Homework Equations


MgH=v^2(m/2+Isystem/2r^2)
where M is the mass of the whole wheel system 0.369kg.
g is 9.8
H is the initial height on the ramp which is 0.105m
V is measured with a photogate ,0.10m/0.11746s= 0.85135m/s
radius of the circle is 8cm.
I of the system is (mr^2/2)+(mr^2/2)+8(mass of magnets (0.019kg(0.53m^2+2(0.078m^2))
where the mass of bgi wheel is 0.142kg and small wheel 0.074kg.

MgH=v^2(m/2+Isystem/2r^2)
where M is the mass of the whole wheel system 0.369kg.
g is 9.8
H is the initial height on the ramp which is 0.105m
V is measured with a photogate ,0.10m/0.11746s= 0.85135m/s
radius of the circle is 8cm.
I of the system is (mr^2/2)+(mr^2/2)+8(mass of magnets (0.019kg(0.53m^2+2(0.078m^2))
where the mass of bgi wheel is 0.142kg and small wheel 0.074kg.

Screen Shot 2016-06-13 at 9.30.43 PM.png
Screen Shot 2016-06-13 at 9.31.06 PM.png
Screen Shot 2016-06-13 at 9.30.43 PM.png
Screen Shot 2016-06-13 at 9.31.06 PM.png


The Attempt at a Solution

 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
CWatters
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Gold Member
10,529
2,295
I have attached some pictures of my 'wheel' that is going to be rolled down a ramp. FYI i will be using a photogate to measure the time it takes the black strip to pass through. Initially, I thought the magnets were creating the 'hollow' part of the disc, but apparently i am wrong, and I am wondering how to calculate the moment of inertia
Can you explain what you mean by "I thought the magnets were creating the 'hollow' part of the disc" ?

The moment of inertia of a composite is the sum of the moments of inertia of the parts. So break it down into parts and look up the moment of inertia of each. You will need to apply the parallel axis theorem.
 
  • #3
Can you explain what you mean by "I thought the magnets were creating the 'hollow' part of the disc" ?

The moment of inertia of a composite is the sum of the moments of inertia of the parts. So break it down into parts and look up the moment of inertia of each. You will need to apply the parallel axis theorem.
yup i figured after having a conservation with another person on physics forum. is it true that theres increasing error as my magnet move towards the center of the wheel?
 
  • #4
CWatters
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Gold Member
10,529
2,295
Error between what and what?
 

Related Threads on Calculating moment of inertia of a complicated system

  • Last Post
Replies
0
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
4K
Replies
3
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
1K
Replies
7
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
3K
Replies
3
Views
10K
Replies
6
Views
5K
Replies
8
Views
9K
Top