Calculating the moment about an axis?

  • Thread starter mneox
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  • #1
mneox
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Homework Statement



Hi friends, I have uploaded the problem and picture at the link below. Please take a look.

http://img64.imageshack.us/img64/4753/sam0247i.jpg [Broken]

Homework Equations



F(vector) = F(cos[tex]\alpha[/tex]i + cos[tex]\beta[/tex]j + cos[tex]\gamma[/tex]k)
Ma = u_a(vector) [tex]\bullet[/tex] M_o (vector) = u_a [tex]\bullet[/tex] (r x F)

[tex]\bullet[/tex] is supposed to denote dot product. Sorry my latex sucks.

The Attempt at a Solution



Okay so for this problem, I currently have:

F = 30 (cos60i + cos60j + cos45k) = (15i + 15j + 21.2k)

Now I know I need to find the unit vector u, and position vector r. How do I find these? From the examples I've done, I've kinda known what to use for vectors u and r, but this example is different from the ones that I've worked on previously.

The force for this one is extending right from origin, whereas the problems I've previously worked on had forces away from origin.

So how would I find the unit and position vectors for this problem? And how can I determine the coordinate direction angles to produce the max moment and the max moment itself? Is there some sort of equation?

Thanks for your help and time. I'm not looking for answers here, but just something to get me rolling cause I'm stuck and I really want to figure this out but don't know how!
 
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Answers and Replies

  • #2
tiny-tim
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
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hi mneox! :smile:

(have an alpha: α and a beta: β and a dot: · and try using the X2 icon just above the Reply box :wink:)
Now I know I need to find the unit vector u, and position vector r. How do I find these? From the examples I've done, I've kinda known what to use for vectors u and r, but this example is different from the ones that I've worked on previously.

The force for this one is extending right from origin, whereas the problems I've previously worked on had forces away from origin.

So how would I find the unit and position vectors for this problem? And how can I determine the coordinate direction angles to produce the max moment and the max moment itself? Is there some sort of equation?

u is the unit vector along the pipe (so that's j)

r is any vector from the line of the force to the pipe …

the reason you can use any vector is that you're only interested in (r x Fu, and if you increase r by a multiple of F or of u, it makes no difference :wink:
 
  • #3
mneox
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Thanks for the reply tiny-tim! I think I'm grasping it now, but what do I do about the maximum moment part? How would I go about doing this?

ps thanks for the nifty copy and paste lol
 
  • #4
tiny-tim
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
25,838
255
Thanks for the reply tiny-tim! I think I'm grasping it now, but what do I do about the maximum moment part?

you need to maximise the value of u.(r x F), keeping u r and the magnitude of F constant, and varing only the direction of F

which direction will do that? :wink:
 

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