# Calculation of power produced by an electric fish

• Faiq
In summary: The electric energy or electric work is equal to the charge multiplied by the voltage.200 charges are multiplied by 220 volts, which results in a total work of 8000 watts.

## Homework Statement

An electric fish is capable of generating a voltage of 220V. This drives a pulse of 15A lasting for 2ms. The fish produces 200 pulses in one second. What is the average power output?

P=VI
P=E/t

## The Attempt at a Solution

At first glance I thought we just have to multiply 220 with 15 using the equation P=VI. But that doesn't give the answer. So at another glance I was convinced that 200 is also supposed to be multiplied because in one second 200 such "power" is produced. But that still doesn't gives the answer. Can anyone explain what am I missing?

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Try Q=It for charge, then use E=QV and then do P=E/t?

What am I supposed to do with 2ms?

That is the time t. 2 milliseconds.

So why can't I just apply P = VI?

I'm not sure. Maybe because it says "average" power. When I get questions like this that give me loads of information, I deduce that I probably need to use all of it and P=IV doesn't use all of it. I don't know why P=IV doesn't work, maybe someone else can enlighten you, but if you want to get the right answer in exams/homeowork/coursework maybe try to use all the information given (unless there are many parts to the question).

That wasn't really an explanation...

No, it wasn't an explanation because I don't know why you can't use P=IV. I was just trying to help you to get similar questions correct in the future.

I also used the same trick and multiplied everything and got the answer correct. I want to know the logic behind it

Ok maybe it should be visualized that the fish produces pulses all over his body, at the same time...

So the pulses are "averaged out" during one second, such that 200 pulses are during each second.

Nowhere does it say, that the pulses go in a straight line...

pulse 1, pulse 2 etc...

pulses 1-5 could begin at the same time during 0,02 seconds (20ms)

Okay then what does 2ms has to do with anything?

the fish actually produces 4 seconds worth of electrical current I believe, in each second.

Some of the fishes pulses are happening simulatenously ( yet those pulses actually happen within that one second of measured time)

The time affects the electric energy or electric work.

I suspect you could then calculate power after wards

E = I * t*U
current x time x voltage = work

watts should be work done / time in seconds

try if that give correct result

Consider the total energy produced over a full second. Each individual pulse lasts only 2 ms, and 200 of them don't total a full second so there is some "dead time" in there. Hence the need to look at the average over time.

Ok the moderator removed my post...

I think that true time duration for one pulse is only 2 milliseconds like it says in the problem statement.

I misread originally that it was 20 ms

If there are 200 pulses in each second.

Then it is known that one pulse has duration of 0.002 seconds.

Try to work from there according to darkmatter5's instruction

DarkMatter5

## 1. How does an electric fish produce power?

An electric fish has specialized cells called electrocytes that produce electricity when activated by nerve signals. These electrocytes are arranged in a series, creating an electric organ that allows the fish to generate an electric field.

## 2. What factors affect the power produced by an electric fish?

The power produced by an electric fish can be affected by factors such as the size and number of electrocytes, the speed at which they can discharge, and the conductivity of the fish's environment.

## 3. How is the power produced by an electric fish measured?

The power produced by an electric fish can be measured using an instrument called an electrometer, which measures the voltage and current produced by the fish's electric organ. These measurements can then be used to calculate the power output.

## 4. How does the power produced by an electric fish compare to other power sources?

The power produced by an electric fish is relatively low compared to other power sources. While some species of electric fish can produce up to 600 volts of electricity, the power output is typically in the range of a few milliwatts to a few watts.

## 5. What is the purpose of the power produced by an electric fish?

The power produced by an electric fish serves various purposes, such as communication, navigation, and defense. Some species use it to stun or immobilize prey, while others use it to communicate with other fish or to navigate in murky waters.