# Charged ball hanging from the side of charged cylinder, great complication.

• Rosengrip
In summary, the homework statement is that there is a charged ball with charge e and mass m hanging from the side of the charged cylinder with radius R and surface charge density of \sigma. The string to which the ball is attached is of length L. Find a relation between charge e on the ball and the angle \varphi between cylinder and string.
Rosengrip

## Homework Statement

We have a charged ball with charge e and mass m hanging from the side of the charged cylinder with radius R and surface charge density of $\sigma$.
The string to which the ball is attached is of length L

Find a relation between charge e on the ball and the angle $\varphi$ between cylinder and string.

http://www.shrani.si/?2J/AQ/40Q2N2jg/cyllinder.png

## Homework Equations

Gauss' law for calculating electric field where ball is.

## The Attempt at a Solution

Gauss law for electric field around cylinder gives us:$E=\frac{\lambda}{2\pi \cdot x\cdot \epsilon_0}$

Considering linear density $\lambda$ equals $\sigma$2PI*R (R is radius of cylinder), we get the expression:

$E=\frac{\sigma R}{x \epsilon_0}$

$\sigma$ is surface charge density.

where x equals distance from centre of the cylinder to ball position, meaning $x = R + Sin[\phi]\cdot L$

After drawing a free body diagram and eliminating the force of string, we have the electric force and force of gravity left.

Electric force thus equals: $F_E=\frac{e\sigma R}{\epsilon_0 (R+Sin[\phi] L)}$

We get the followting expression:$Tan[\phi] = \frac{e\sigma R}{\epsilon_0 m g (R+Sin[\phi] L)}$

Trying to solve this for phi is pretty painful, even Mathematica can't really properly do it (even for substituting Tan with Sin for small angles)
Is there any other way for showing a relation between charge and angle?

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Last edited by a moderator:
The cylinder has the same electric field as a line of charge with the same linear charge density, so how about solving the problem as though the string were attached to the line of charge, then superimposing the cylinder afterwards to determine the shorter 'L' that corresponds to the cylinder case?

In the figure, the string length L' for the line-of-charge situation is the length OP. When the cylinder is superimposed, its 'new' length L can be found with a bit of trig.

#### Attachments

• Fig1.jpg
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If I understand you correctly, the main point is substituting x with something simpler, so we lose the transcendental identity, since everything else is pretty much the same.
So I went with that but unfortunately, everything I got using similar triangles and trig functions was something even more complex:(

For the new L I got $L=\frac{Sin[\phi] L^'}{R+Sin[\phi]}$

And using that with the R to get the distance doesn't simplify at all:( I'm sure I'm still missing something here hehe.

The relation between e and phi was the question. Express e in terms of phi and the other parameters.

ehild

Maybe I've worded the question a bit wrong, PHI needs to be expressed in terms of charge and other parameters, sorry for confusion.

You can express both the tangent and the sine of phi in terms of tan(phi/2) but it would be a fourth-order equation. Ask your teacher to show how he would solve it.

ehild

## 1. How does the charged ball stay suspended from the charged cylinder?

The charged ball stays suspended from the charged cylinder due to the electrostatic force between the two objects. The like charges on the ball and cylinder repel each other, creating a stable equilibrium where the ball hangs from the side of the cylinder.

## 2. What factors affect the stability of the charged ball on the cylinder?

The stability of the charged ball on the cylinder is affected by the magnitude of the charges on both objects, the distance between them, and the dielectric constant of the surrounding medium. These factors determine the strength of the electrostatic force between the ball and cylinder.

## 3. Can the charged ball fall off the cylinder?

Yes, if the electrostatic force between the ball and cylinder is not strong enough, or if the distance between them is too great, the charged ball can fall off the cylinder. Additionally, if the charges on the objects are not evenly distributed, the ball may not be able to stay suspended.

## 4. How does the presence of other charged objects in the vicinity affect the charged ball on the cylinder?

The presence of other charged objects in the vicinity can affect the stability of the charged ball on the cylinder. If there are other objects with opposite charges nearby, they can create an attractive force that could pull the ball away from the cylinder.

## 5. What applications does this experiment have in real-world scenarios?

This experiment can have various applications, such as in electrostatic demonstrations, physics experiments, and electrical engineering research. It can also be used to model the behavior of charged particles in a magnetic field and understand the concept of equilibrium in electrostatics.

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