Hi. PS--this will be a long post. A year ago, I posted here under a topic which went something like "physics after electrical engineering". At the time, I was getting into an undergraduate program in Electrical Engineering. I have just finished my first year and will be entering my second year in July. I am from India. A little background: I have had a course in electronics, two courses in physics (basic classical mechanics, special relativity, electromagnetism, some wave optics and quantum mechanics), two courses in mathematics (real analysis and complex analysis/linear algebra), a computer programming course (java) apart from other compulsory engineering courses (physics and chemistry labs, electronics lab, drawing, humanities, etc). I am interested in pursuing research in certain topics in physics (as of now these are: quantum computation, particle physics/high energy physics) that interest me. Although I have not had much formal exposure, I have read a few things myself which have furthered my interest in physics and inspired me. At the same time, I have interests in electrical engineering subjects (microelectronics, semiconductor devices, etc). I have to decide between physics (a five year integrated masters program) and electrical engineering sometime soon. I have been given to think that an engineering degree opens a lot of doors in terms of jobs and opportunities, but a graduate school education in physics (esp theoretical) will be harder to get without a solid background in undergraduate physics. (I am sure I want do research, that isn't a problem and that opinion will not change, even though I do not have research experience myself ) If I do physics, I am not yet sure about choosing between experimental and theoretical. I would like it to be a bit of both, but I am not yet exposed to enough courses and lab work to have a taste of either. I am told that an EE background will be very useful in experimental physics but will make it somewhat difficult to do theoretical physics, due to lack of exposure to a lot of ug courses. I would like to know the scenario of post-undergraduate studies (I have already read "So you want to be a physicist"), what I should expect should I go in for physics, etc. I was told that post-docs and jobs after PhD in physics are hard to find and many people turn to industry jobs (not necessarily research) after PhD in physics. If I want to work in the area of particle physics, quantum computation, semiconductor device physics, what should I be looking forward to? Is there reason to worry about a post-undergrad "what to do next" especially if I want to pursue a research career in these fields? I understand that I can get into some form of experimental condensed matter physics (semiconductor device physics) work after an EE degree? I invite comments from those of you who have some advice for me and/or would like to give me more information. Thanks for your time and help While some of my questions may be old and may have been answered before, I would still like to initiate some discussion here so that I may get to know a lot more than by just using google.com.