# Classification of figure from the general equation of conics

during my study on conics , I found a formula in the book regarding the classification of figure from the general equation of conics

ax2+2hxy+by2+2gx+2fy+c=0

it was given that
$\Delta=abc+2fgh-af^{2}-{bg}^{2}-{ch}^{2}$

$if \Delta \neq 0$
then if
$h^{2}=ab.......parabola$
$h^{2}<ab......ellipse$
$h^{2}>ab.......hyperbola$

if
$\Delta <0..........circle ,h=0,a=b\neq 0,g^{2}+f^{2}-ac>0$

if
$\Delta = 0$
if
$$h^{2}>=ab..........line$$
$$h^{2}<ab..........unique point$$

No explanation regarding the derivation of result was given
neither i could find it on net

hope someone knows it........

Last edited by a moderator:

#### QuantumQuest

Gold Member
A full analysis and explanation would require a long document so I'll give an online resource at projecteuclid.org which investigates by elementary algebra the values of $y$ as $x$ increases from $-\infty$ to $+\infty$ and the values of $x$ as $y$ increases from $-\infty$ to $+\infty$ and classifies the loci by their principal graphical properties so found.

"Classification of figure from the general equation of conics"

### Physics Forums Values

We Value Quality
• Topics based on mainstream science
• Proper English grammar and spelling
We Value Civility
• Positive and compassionate attitudes
• Patience while debating
We Value Productivity
• Disciplined to remain on-topic
• Recognition of own weaknesses
• Solo and co-op problem solving