(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); A point charge q is a distance d from a grounded conducting plate of infinite extent (figure a). For this configuration the potential V is zero, both at all points infinitely far from the particle in all directions and at all points on the conducting plate. Consider a set of coordinate axes with the particle located on the x axis at x=d. A second configuration (figure b) has the conducting plane replaced by a particle of charge -q located on the x-axis at x=-d.

http://img130.imageshack.us/img130/3829/naamloos9zt.th.gif [Broken]

a) Show that for the second configuration the potential function is zero at all points infinitely far from the particle in all directions and at all points on the yz plane- just as was the case for the first configuration.

I've done the following:

V= [tex]\Sigma[/tex] V= V_{-q= 1}+ V_{+q= 2}

V_{-q}= [tex] \frac{-kq}{r_1}[/tex] with r_{1}is the distance from -q to a certain point P in space (x,y,z)

V_{+q}= [tex] \frac{kq}{r_2}[/tex] with r_{2}is the distance from +q to a certain point P in space (x,y,z)

V= kq [tex](\frac{1}{r_2} - \frac{1}{r_1})[/tex]= [tex] kq (\frac{r_1-r_2}{r_2 r_1})[/tex]

***V=0 if r_{1}r_{2}= [tex]\pm \infty[/tex] so if r_{1}=r_{2}= [tex]\pm \infty[/tex]

***V=0 is r_{1}-r_{2}=0 so if r_{1}=r_{2}

[tex]\sqrt{(x+d)^2 + y^2 + z^2}=\sqrt{(x-d)^2 + y^2 + z^2}[/tex]

[tex](x+d)^2 + y^2 + z^2=(x-d)^2 + y^2 + z^2[/tex]

[tex](x+d)^2 =(x-d)^2 [/tex]

[tex]x^2 + 2xd + d^2= x^2 - 2xd + d^2[/tex]

2xd= -2xd

4xd=0

x=0, therefore V=0 if x=0, which means V=0 in the whole yz plane.

Okay so far so good, but the trouble starts in the following part:

b) A theorem, called the uniqueness theorem, shows that throughout the half-space x>0 the potential function V- and thus the electric fieldE- for the two configurations are identical. Using this result, obtain the electric fieldEat every point in the yz plane in the second configuration. (The uniqueness theorem tells us that in the first configuration the electric field at each point in the yz plane is the same as it is in the second configuration.) Use this result to find the surface charge density [tex]\sigma[/tex] at each point in the conducting plane (in the first configuration)

I've come this far till now:

V= kq [tex](\frac{1}{r_2} - \frac{1}{r_1}[/tex]= kq [tex](\frac{1}{\sqrt{(x-d)^2 + y^2 + z^2}} - \frac{1}{\sqrt{(x+d)^2 + y^2 + z^2}})[/tex]

E_{x}= - [tex]\frac{\delta V}{\delta x}[/tex]= -kq ([tex]\frac{(d-x)}{((x-d)^2 + y^2 + z^2)^1,5)} + \frac{(d+x)}{((x+d)^2 + y^2 + z^2)^\frac{3}{2})} ) [/tex]

E_{y}= - [tex]\frac{\delta V}{\delta y}[/tex]= -kq ([tex]\frac{(-y)}{((x-d)^2 + y^2 + z^2)^1,5)} + \frac{(y)}{((x+d)^2 + y^2 + z^2)^\frac{3}{2})} ) [/tex]

E_{z}= - [tex]\frac{\delta V}{\delta z}[/tex]= -kq ([tex]\frac{(-z)}{((x-d)^2 + y^2 + z^2)^1,5)} + \frac{(z)}{((x+d)^2 + y^2 + z^2)^\frac{3}{2})} ) [/tex]

E in the yz plane is when x=0. Substituting x=0 in E_{x}, E_{y}and E_{z}gives:

E_{x}= [tex] -kq \frac{2d}{(d^2 + y^2 + z^2)^\frac{3}{2}}[/tex]

E_{y}= 0

E_{z}= 0

Because r= [tex]\sqrt{x^2 + y^2 + z^2}[/tex]

[tex]r^2= x^2 + y^2 + z^2[/tex].

In the yz plane x=0, therefore [tex] r^2= y^2 + z^2 [/tex].

Substituting this in to E_{x}gives:

E_{x}= [tex] -kq \frac{2d}{(d^2 + r^2)^\frac{3}{2}}[/tex]

The x direction is perpendicular to the yz plane, therefore the electric field given by E_{x}is perpendicular to the infinite yz conductor plane.

The formula for the component of the electric field perpendicular to the conductor is

[tex]E_n= \frac{\sigma}{\epsilon_0}[/tex] therefore

[tex]\sigma = E_n \epsilon_0[/tex] with

E_{n}= E_{x}=[tex] -kq \frac{2d}{(d^2 + r^2)^\frac{3}{2}}[/tex]

[tex]\epsilon_0 = \frac{1}{4 \pi k} [/tex]

Substituting in the formula of sigma gives:

[tex]\sigma= \frac{-kq2d}{4 \pi k (d^2 + r^2)^\frac{3}{2}} = \frac{-qd}{2 \pi (d^2 + r^2)^\frac{3}{2}} [/tex]

Though my textbook tells me the correct answer should be

[tex]\sigma= \frac{qd}{4 \pi (d^2 + r^2)^\frac{3}{2}} [/tex]

Where did I go wrong? I would REALLY appreciate it if you can help me with this problem. I've checked my work plenty of times, but can't see my mistake.

THANK YOU FOR READING!!!

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# Comparing an infinite grounded conducting plate to a system of point charges

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