# Homework Help: Complex numbers, i don't kno if it's before or after calculus sry

1. Nov 19, 2007

### Kushal

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

find the three roots of z$$^{3}$$ = 1, giving non real roots in the form of e$$^{i\theta}$$, where -$$\pi$$<$$\theta$$$$\leq$$$$\pi$$

2. Relevant equations

z = re$$^{i\theta}$$

3. The attempt at a solution

i kno that one of the roots is 1, an the other two form a conjugate pair. i can't find them.

2. Nov 19, 2007

### futurebird

google "roots of unity" and read about how you can locate them. They are spaced evenly on the unit circle.

3. Nov 19, 2007

### Kushal

and the question continues, i can't find that too.

given that $$\omega$$ is one of the non real roots, show that 1 + $$\omega$$ + $$\omega^{2}$$ = 0

4. Nov 19, 2007

### Kushal

thanks futurebird

5. Nov 19, 2007

### JonF

In general from de moivreâ€™s theorem, when you consider a complex number in polar form you get

z^(1/n) = r(cosx + isinx)^1/n = r^(1/n)(cos([x+2kpi]/n) + I*sin([x+2kpi]/n)) for 0<k<n-1 where k is an integer

6. Nov 20, 2007

### Kushal

the thing is that i'm not familiar with de moivre's theorem. i guess we did only basic complex numbers at school. i came across this question on a past paper from another examination board. it's prolly not in our syllabus.

thnks

7. Nov 20, 2007

### Timo

I assume you know what this equation means, i.e. that this is a possible way to express a complex number (and that r>=0). Do you also know how to multiply two complex numbers?
$$z_1 \cdot z_2 = r_1 e^{i\theta_1} \cdot r_2 e^{i\theta_2} = r_1 r_2 e^{i(\theta_1 + \theta_2)}$$, where $$e^{i2\pi} = 1$$ might be needed, in case you didn't already know that one.

You are looking for z such that z*z*z = 1. Write that out in the form given and try to find solutions for z.

8. Nov 20, 2007

### rock.freak667

Well if you knew that z=1 was a solution to the equation $z^3=1 => z^3-1=0$ would that not mean that $(z-1)$ is a factor of $z^3-1=0$ ?

then you can just divide it out and you'll get $(z-1)(z^2+bz+1)=0$ and then find the value of b...and then you use the quad. eq'n formula on the 2nd factor and get your roots...then put those roots into the form $re^{i\theta}$

but it would be easier to use the roots of unity method