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When dealing with collisions between two objects, if the net external force is zero we know that the linear momentum is conserved; even when the system is not isolated, for instance because of gravity acting on the said bodies, if the external forces are not impulsive (such as gravity force) we can neglect them, as their impulse over the small interval of the collision is small. So, while the linear momentum is theoretically not conserved, for all purposes it is.

Now, if we consider a rigid rod AB, hinged at point A, initially at rest in the vertical position, that can rotate around a horizontal axis passing on A, and we shoot a small bullet at the other extreme B, with a velocity perpendicular to the rod AB, the linear momentum is not conserved, as there will be an impulsive force on A keeping the rod fixed at that point.

That being said, if we choose A as the pivot the net external torque wrt that point is zero, and angular momentum is conserved.

Although this was a special case, since the torque due to the weight of both the bullet and the rod was zero because the rod starts in a vertical position, and the weights have the same direction... what if that is not the case?

My question is the following: if we have a system, and during a similar collision the next external torque is

**not**zero, if the forces causing said torques are not impulsive, can we ignore them, and consider only the external torque due to the impulsive ones?

For instance if we have the rod on a horizontal plane and we shoot the bullet with a velocity perpendicular to it, but this time the weight of said bullet has a non zero torque wrt the hinge; the torque due to the weight of the rod is balanced with the torque due to the normal, if we assume the rod to be laying on a table.

My answer would be that yes, we can neglect them, since the angular impulse deriving from non impulsive forces will be close to zero when considering a small interval. So, again, we can say that the angular momentum will be approximately conserved wrt that specific pivot during the collisions if we choose to ignore, for instance, the torque due to gravity.

My doubt arises because in the books I've read so far (not English ones, so the titles won't matter) they always specify that you can ignore non impulsive forces for the linear momentum's conservation, but when talking about the angular momentum's, they never say so.

I've also noticed some videos online that treats such cases always ignore the torque due to non impulsive forces, without specifying why they do so.

Thanks in advance.