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Conservation of energy: mass-spring system

  1. Sep 28, 2014 #1
    1. A 1 kg block is on a flat frictionless surface. Attached to a relaxed spring (k=50N/m). A light string is attached to the block and runs over a frictionleas pulley to a .45kg dangling mass. If the dangling mass is released from rest, how far will if fall before stopping?

    2. Relevant equations
    U= 1/2kx^2
    F=-kx
    W=Fd
    w=mg

    (I'm not exactly sure which ones I do/don't need)



    3. The attempt at a solution:

    I really have no idea where to begin. The answer the book gives is .176m.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 28, 2014 #2
    Write the energy conservation law for this system, and use the only energies that are present. So for gravity you would have a gravitational potential, and due to the spring there's also a spring energy, given by the U in your relevant equations section. Due to the nature of the conservation of energy, you may equate the two energies and notice how the distances of motion that both blocks trace are the same so you can use that two have only one variable for distance - x, and ultimately solve for it.
     
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