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Conservation of momentum and energy

  1. Oct 18, 2009 #1
    a) At t=1 second, a 0.5 kg cart is at x=0.5 m, traveling at 0.5 m/s. At t=3 seconds, the cart is
    at 1.4 m, traveling at 0.4 m/s. What is the acceleration due to friction, the frictional force and
    the work done by friction? What is the change in kinetic energy of the cart?
    b) If a cart of mass 0.6 kg, traveling a 0.5 m/s collides elastically with a cart of mass 0.4 kg,
    initially at rest, what is the final velocity of the first cart?
    c) If the two carts above stick together after the collision, what is the final velocity of the first
    cart?
    d) What is the final velocity of the first cart in (b) if the second cart has mass 1.5 kg?
    e) What is the final velocity of the first cart in (c) if the second cart has mass 1.5 kg?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 19, 2009 #2
    ok here is my attempt. I need someone to check if Im using the right equation for each problem.

    part a)
    i used vf^2-vi^2 = 2ad
    to get an acceleration of .05

    To find the firctional force i used
    F = -ma F= (.5)(.05)
    Ff = -.025N

    work done by friction
    W = -Fd
    W =-(-.025)(.05)
    W = 0.0125J

    change in ke
    Ke =1/2mvf^2-1/2mvi^2
    KE=1/2(.5)(0.5)^2-.5(0.5)(0.4)^2
    Kef = .0225



    part b)
    v1f = vi*(m1-m2)/(m1+m2)
    0.5*(0.6-0.4)/(0.6+0.4)
    v1f=0.1m/s

    part c)
    v1f = vi*(m1)/(m1+m2)
    (0.5)(.6)/(0.6+0.4)
    v1f=0.3m/s


    part d
    v1f = vi*(m1-m2)/(m1+m2)
    0.5*(0.6-1.5)/(0.6+1.5)
    v1f=0.2143m/s


    part e

    v1f = vi*(m1)/(m1+m2)
    (0.5)(.6)/(0.6+1.5)
    v1f=0.143m/s
     
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