Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Derivative of monotone increasing and bounded f

  1. Apr 27, 2010 #1
    Let f is monotone increasing, bounded, and differentiable on (a,inf)

    Then does it necessarily follow that lim(f'(x),x,inf)=0 ?

    It is hard to guess intuitively or imagine a counterexample...
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 27, 2010 #2
    I will give you an 'intuitive' hint of what is going on. Since the function f is increasing and most importantly bounded, it means that as x-->infty, f(x) aproaches some point. IN other words |f(x)|<M, for some M, for all x. When you are taking the derivative of f, you are really talking about the slope of the tangent line at each point of f. since f is bounded by M, it means that as x->infty, f must get flater and flater. as a result the slopes of the tangent lines must also get smaller and smaller, eventually approaching zero.

    In this case if A={f(x)|x in (a,infty)}, then f(x)-->sup{A} as x-->infty.
    Last edited: Apr 27, 2010
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook