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- Thread starter Bashyboy
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I assume you have no problem with the first step, which is simply pairing each factor in the numerator with a factor in the denominator:

[tex]a_n = \frac{1}{2n} \cdot \frac{3}{2n} \cdot \frac{5}{2n} \cdots \frac{2n-1}{2n}[/tex]

Now all you have to do is recognize that each of these fractions is less than 1. Therefore the product of the fractions is smaller than any of the individual fractions, and in particular the product of the fractions is smaller than 1/(2n). Does that clarify the next step?

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We are breaking the fraction into products so we can more easily obtain an upper bound for it:

Clearly [itex]\frac{3}{2n} < 1, \frac{5}{2n} < 1, ..., \frac{2n-1}{2n} < 1[/itex], so [itex]a_n < \frac{1}{2n}[/itex].

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