• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products Here!

Determining current from charge function

  • Thread starter scholio
  • Start date
  • #1
160
0

Homework Statement



the amount of charge flwoing past a point in a current in a circuit is found to vary with time as follows:

Q(t) = 100[e^(+t/100) + 0.01t^2]

what is the current flowing at t = 10 seconds?

i am supposed to get 47.2 amperes

Homework Equations



C = Q/V ---> Q = CV where C is capacitance, V is electric potential, Q is charge

V = IR ----> I = V/R = dW/dt where R is resistance, W is work, t is time

The Attempt at a Solution



first solve the function in terms of t = 10 seconds

Q(10) = 100[e^(+10/100) + 0.01(10^2)] = 100[ 1.105 + 1] = 100(2.105) = 210.5 coulombs

since Q = CV and V = IR ---> Q = CIR now if i let Q = 210.5 coulombs, i don't have values for R or C, i'm solving for I.

am i using the wrong approach entirely or the wrong equation?

help appreciated
 
Last edited:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
rock.freak667
Homework Helper
6,230
31
The current flowing is numerically equal to the The rate of change of charge per unit time
 
  • #3
160
0
do you mean I = dQ/t? i thought I = dW/dt, anyways if i used I = dQ/t = 210.5/10 = 21.05 amperes, i'm supposed to get 47.2 amperes

by the way, did i solve for charge Q correctly?
 
  • #4
nicksauce
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
1,272
5
I = dQ/dt... meaning you have to differentiate Q(t).
I(10) = dQ/dt | t=10, not I = Q(10)/10... they are completely different expressions.
 
  • #5
rock.freak667
Homework Helper
6,230
31
[tex]\frac{dW}{dt}=Power[/tex]


but I think you'll get the 21.05A. Not sure how to squeeze the 47.2A answer though.
But that is how you would do the problem,using [itex]I=\frac{dQ}{dt}[/itex]
 
  • #6
160
0
you are right, dW/dt is power, i must've gotten it confused with dQ/dt, thanks for clearing that up.

did i solve for Q correctly though?
 
  • #7
rock.freak667
Homework Helper
6,230
31
Looks correct to me.
 
  • #8
160
0
does anybody know why i am getting 21.05 ampere, when i should be getting 47.2 ampere?

thanks
 
Top