Difference between Photons and the Higgs Boson?

In summary, photons and the Higgs Boson are very different particles. While both do not interact with the Higgs field, photons are the carriers of the electromagnetic force and have 0 rest mass, spin 1, and negative parity. On the other hand, the Higgs Boson has a mass of ~125 GeV/c^2, spin 0, and positive parity. They also have different properties and interactions, with photon decay being a relatively rare process. The main similarity between the two is that they are both chargeless bosons.
  • #1
QuantumKangaroo
2
0
I'm new to quantum physics, and this might be a stupid question. What is the difference between Photons and the Higgs Boson? I know that neither of them interact with the Higgs field. And that when CERN found the Higgs Boson, it decayed into other particles INCLUDING photons. So what's the difference?
 
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  • #2
Quite a lot of processes including simple things such as an incandescent light bulb, emit photons.
It doesn't follow from that, that therefore the decay of Higgs, or an atomic nucleus, or any other object which emits photons must itself be a photon in some form.
 
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  • #3
QuantumKangaroo said:
I'm new to quantum physics, and this might be a stupid question. What is the difference between Photons and the Higgs Boson? I know that neither of them interact with the Higgs field. And that when CERN found the Higgs Boson, it decayed into other particles INCLUDING photons. So what's the difference?

It also decays into practically everything else that's energetically allowed - bottom-antibottom pairs, charm-anti-charm pairs, W bosons, Z bosons. In fact, photon decay is a relatively rare process, but it's a nice clean signature. When particles decay into other particles, that doesn't mean that they "contain" them in any sense.

As for photons vs Higgses? Well, photons are the carriers of the EM force, Higgses aren't. Photons are have 0 rest mass, spin 1, and negative parity, and the Higgs has a mass of ~125 GeV/c^2, spin 0 and positive parity.

Just about the only thing they have in common is being chargeless bosons, but even then, the Photon is a vector boson, whist the Higgs is the scalar boson.
 
  • #4
There is no similarity...

The higgs boson does not couple to photons directly but indirectly, via an effective coupling.
 
  • #5
Photons are the quanta of electromagnetic field. So when you turn on electric or magnetic field it's basically filled up with photons. The Higgs particle is the analog of the same thing with Higgs field. There are also the differences In properties of the particles like Higgs are spin zero objects whereas photons are spin one ... The most spectacular difference is Higgs is massive and photon is massless which gives photons an extra symmetry (namely gauge invariance)..
 

Related to Difference between Photons and the Higgs Boson?

1. What is a photon?

A photon is a fundamental particle that is the basic unit of light and other forms of electromagnetic radiation. It has no mass and travels at the speed of light.

2. What is the Higgs Boson?

The Higgs Boson is a subatomic particle that is believed to give other particles their mass. It was theorized in the 1960s and was finally discovered in 2012 at the Large Hadron Collider.

3. How are photons and the Higgs Boson different?

The main difference between photons and the Higgs Boson is their mass. Photons have no mass, while the Higgs Boson has a mass of about 125 GeV. Additionally, photons are known to be carriers of electromagnetic force, while the Higgs Boson is responsible for giving particles their mass.

4. How are photons and the Higgs Boson related?

Photons and the Higgs Boson are both fundamental particles that make up the Standard Model of particle physics. They both play important roles in different aspects of the universe, with photons being responsible for light and other forms of electromagnetic radiation, and the Higgs Boson being responsible for mass.

5. What is the significance of understanding the difference between photons and the Higgs Boson?

Understanding the difference between photons and the Higgs Boson is crucial in understanding the fundamental particles and forces that make up our universe. It helps us to better understand the properties and behaviors of light and mass, which have significant impacts on our daily lives and the world around us.

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