Cern Definition and 64 Discussions

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (French: Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (; French pronunciation: [sɛʁn]; derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world. Established in 1954, the organization is based in a northwest suburb of Geneva on the Franco–Swiss border and has 23 member states. Israel is the only non-European country granted full membership. CERN is an official United Nations Observer.The acronym CERN is also used to refer to the laboratory, which in 2019 had 2,660 scientific, technical, and administrative staff members, and hosted about 12,400 users from institutions in more than 70 countries. In 2016 CERN generated 49 petabytes of data.CERN's main function is to provide the particle accelerators and other infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research – as a result, numerous experiments have been constructed at CERN through international collaborations. CERN is the site of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world's largest and highest-energy particle collider. The main site at Meyrin hosts a large computing facility, which is primarily used to store and analyse data from experiments, as well as simulate events. Researchers need remote access to these facilities, so the lab has historically been a major wide area network hub. CERN is also the birthplace of the World Wide Web.

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  1. fresh_42

    I Neutrino detection at Cern

    https://journals.aps.org/prd/pdf/10.1103/PhysRevD.104.L091101 And here is the pop science summary: https://www.sciencealert.com/for-the-first-time-neutrinos-may-have-been-detected-at-the-large-hadron-collider Which results can be expected?
  2. S

    Are ICTP and NORDITA international institutions (like CERN)?

    Are ICTP and NORDITA really international institutions about physics (like CERN) or are they actually an Italian and a Swedish organization respectively?
  3. Dive into ATLAS at CERN for the Global Science Show

    Dive into ATLAS at CERN for the Global Science Show

    Introduction to the research at ATLAS at the LHC
  4. Z

    Programs Internship essay for CERN -- Please help

    So i'm applying to the REU through university of Michigan to attend CERN this summer. This is like my DREAM to be at CERN. i just finished writing my essay and I want as much feedback as possible, i really want to get this internship. Please write a single paragraph describing why you would...
  5. YoungPhysicist

    I CMS gap problem

    In this picture of CMS, there is a huge gap between the two sides. There is no way that the collision occur directly in midair right? So is the gap already been sealed? ( which means the picture was taken before it started to operate) Or I am completely wrong?
  6. Greg Bernhardt

    Insights Interview with Niels Tuning, LHCb Run Coordinator - Comments

    Greg Bernhardt submitted a new PF Insights post Interview with Niels Tuning, LHCb Run Coordinator Continue reading the Original PF Insights Post.
  7. mfb

    I LHC finishes proton-proton collisions in 2018

    New year, new thread! Here was 2017. Yesterday the first beams this year circulated in the LHC. As every year, the machine operators start with a single low intensity bunch, checking that everything still works properly, and adjusting some parameters where the conditions changed over the winter...
  8. Beyond the Higgs: What's Next for the LHC? - with Harry Cliff

    Beyond the Higgs: What's Next for the LHC? - with Harry Cliff

    Harry Cliff is the Science Museum Fellow of Modern Science, which he reckons might be the only job title which begins and ends with 'science'. He spends half his time searching for signs of new physics at LHCb, one of the four big experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider.
  9. Beyond the Higgs: What's Next for the LHC? - with Harry Cliff (Question and Answers)

    Beyond the Higgs: What's Next for the LHC? - with Harry Cliff (Question and Answers)

  10. It's me

    I How can I access event data for LHCb calorimeters?

    I want to do a project using machine learning on the calorimeter event data of the LHCb. How can I access this data? Is it very difficult to navigate your way through the source code on your own?
  11. T

    Lightsensitive sensors (CMOS) -- Looking for more applications for the technology

    Hey :) I am currently doing a project on university in cooperation with CERN where I have to find new business fields for light sensitive sensors (CMOS) which every camera contains. The special feature is the radiation hardness. So you can use it for example for detecting x-rays or you can use...
  12. A

    I Best way to get an overview of research happening at CERN

    I have to write a research review for my University and I want to write a review on all the current work being done at CERN. Can someone please recommend a good place to start reading papers for this purpose? I read a couple of papers that I found in google scholar but I quickly got lost. Is...
  13. mfb

    I LHCb observes 5 new particles (excited hadrons)

    Plain old standard model baryons, but 5 at the same time, and with crystal clear peaks in the decay to ##\Xi_c^+ K^-##. Each peak in the figure is a particle never seen before, and the significances of those peaks are about 20 sigma (10 sigma for the 5th one). A broad 6th state might hide around...
  14. EnumaElish

    CERN discovers new economics particle

    @Evo is this your blog (evonomics)? ;-P Economists Discover Quasi-Equlibriated Economic Sub-Particle The problem economists have explaining the financial crash By Steve Keen CERN has just announced the discovery of a new particle, called the “FERIR”. This is not a fundamental particle of...
  15. M

    Other CERN vs. Fermilab

    As a theoretical physicist, what is a better facility to work at? (based on the following criteria) Job stability Access to new research Freedom of work (Any field) Better colleagues Better Tech/Equipment Better pay (not that important)
  16. CERN Alice Experiment

    CERN Alice Experiment

    10 min video for general public, describing the physics aims of the ALICE experiment: the study of the primordial state of matter, the quark gluon plasma and more.
  17. LHCb - The Beauty Experiment

    LHCb - The Beauty Experiment

    A short documentary on the LHCb experiment at CERN, on the quest for the mystery of Antimatter.
  18. An introduction to the CMS Experiment at CERN

    An introduction to the CMS Experiment at CERN

    In this video, the CMS detector at CERN's Large Hadron Collider is introduced, describing its construction and history as well as its physics goals.
  19. J

    Locations similar to CERN

    Hi all! I was wondering if there are any other notable facilities, research organisations or institutes that is similar to CERN, preferably in the US or somewhere else in Europe? Of similar scale or importance, not necessarily in the field of particle physics!
  20. Dayman

    Summer Internships (international)

    I'm a Junior International Student studying Physics and Econ at the University of Texas at Austin, just wondering if anyone here got into CERN, Fermi Lab or the UCLA internship(or other physics internship open to internationals!), what was your resume/gpa/credentials like when you applied? Just...
  21. O

    Dark matter particle search at CERN vs cosmology simulations

    Dark matter particle candidates are being searched at CERN and the various dark matter models are being probed by cosmological simulations. The usual way to probe models via cosmology is to plug a candidate into a cosmological simulation and then compare the results with observations. Yet...
  22. Moelf

    Schools Choice for particle physics between LAC and university

    Hi guys, I don't know if there's any similar thread (I didn't find any, but in case I missed it); if so please suggest them to me. It's time to apply to college again. I personally think particle physics (experimental) would be my top choice (I understand that only phd has the specialized...
  23. QuantumKangaroo

    Difference between Photons and the Higgs Boson?

    I'm new to quantum physics, and this might be a stupid question. What is the difference between Photons and the Higgs Boson? I know that neither of them interact with the Higgs field. And that when CERN found the Higgs Boson, it decayed into other particles INCLUDING photons. So what's the...
  24. e.bar.goum

    13 TeV Collisions at the LHC!

    Today is an exciting day, for today will see a new record for the highest energy collisions at the LHC - stable 13 TeV collisions for new physics, signalling the start of the new physics program at the LHC! There are a few ways you can keep track of progress throughout the day. The LHC status...
  25. Domenico94

    Magnets and NMR

    Hi everyone...I'm just looking nmr schemes, and magnets, and, at the same time, studying Physics II and electromagnetic fields at my faculty of electronics engineering. I know this may sound like a "dumb" question, and I don't wanna sound like councited or similar stuff, but I was just asking...
  26. OdysseasTS

    Schools Beamline for schools, Greek Delegation

    Hey! So I found this ( http://home.web.cern.ch/about/updates/2014/11/beamline-schools-competition-2015-launches-today ) and my high school's physics teachers liked the concept! So I've created a team to participate in this years contest. We were thinking to do something relevant with antimatter...
  27. E

    What are the best high-energy physics establishments?

    I am thinking of places to do summer work placements in the high-energy physics field between each year of my degree. I have thought of CERN (of course) and Fermilab as the two definites. However I am struggling to think of a third. Also, I would prefer Europe/US so this rules out T2K. Any...
  28. stevebd1

    Energies in the LHC

    Due to the blogs being removed, I thought it might be worthwhile posting a few in the forums- The Large Hadron Collider has produced collisions at 7 TeV. For collisions at 7 TeV, protons need to be ‘ramped’ to 3.5 TeV, the proton has a mass of 1.6726e−27 kg which, according to mass–energy...
  29. A

    What is the meaning of this String Theory Equation from CERN?

    I have recently visited CERN, and in the Globe they showed an equation from string theory. My knowledge about it goes only as far as 'The elegant universe', so no mathematics, but i would say that the sketch beneath is about the string coupling constant. Could anyone please explain the...
  30. BiGyElLoWhAt

    A question about the Higgs

    So I've done some research, but to no avail. Can anyone link me to some reasonably detailed information regarding the Higgs experiment at CERN? I'm kind of new when it comes to this sort of thing. So a walkthrough of the experiment would be great (What they were looking for and why they were...
  31. S

    Hadron Collider Model

    Hi guys, I have the idea of putting together a model collider that fires two smashable objects (eggs or whatever) at each other and show a high speed camera footage of the objects hitting each other - this is all as an analogy of what the hadron collider does at CERN. Any ideas what I...
  32. S

    Isolation Of Antihydrogen

    Wikipedia says CERN has isolated about 38 atoms of antihydrogen and maintained them for over 15 minutes? ... Do you think that is possible??? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CERN
  33. C

    Empirical verification of massive Chirality

    I want to ask someone here with a good practical background about the intrinsic quantum mechanical chirality (not helicty)....of say, a beta particle....Namely, What is the experimental proof of the existence of two distinct chiralities (not helicities) of the electron? IOWs, how can it be it...
  34. F

    Physics PhD in Physics Theoretical Physicist career problem

    I am interested in getting a PhD in Physics, but I do not want to teach. However, I do want to conduct research, is there anyway, I can have a job as a theoretical physicist working to participate in researches, maybe work in CERN, for the large haldron collider or something, without teaching in...
  35. J

    Higgs boson quantum numbers

    Hi everyone, I have studied QFT, the SM and the Higgs mechanism when I was in university and after reading an article from CMS (CERN) about the spin-parity measurement of the HZZ channel, which shows that J^{P}=0^+ is favoured versus J^{P}=0^-, I went back to the theory of the Higgs boson...
  36. wolram

    Is supersymetry dead?

    https://www.sciencenews.org/blog/context/it%E2%80%99s-too-soon-declare-supersymmetry-tragedy I have just been reading this and it seems to me another layer of complexion is needed to keep the theory alive. http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1308/1308.4768.pdf Abstract The first three...
  37. T

    Is material Science & Engineering more science than engineering?

    I'm double majoring in Chemistry / Materials Science & Engineering undergrad and I'm wandering yes it has engineering in the title but it also has Science as well. Is this engineering say more theory based than others? I read descriptions saying it designs metal alloys and everything like...
  38. L

    Mech Engineer to a PhD in Physics

    Hi, I'm a graduate in Mechanical Engineering (BEng 1st). The idea of further study has interested me for many years but I have never acted on it. Currently after working for a year and a half in the oil and gas industry I have the further education bug again, but I would love to follow it this...
  39. ChrisVer

    Proton spin

    I am currently confused... I read that we don't know yet where does the proton spin come from. But I wonder... 1) Doesn't the proton have effectively 3 quarks of spin 1/2 (I said effectively to leave out the quark-gluon sea within the proton)? In that case, 3 spin 1/2 particles can't be added...
  40. BiGyElLoWhAt

    Optical Tweezers experiment =]

    I'm an undergrad at IPFW and I just got on this project setting up an optical trap. Our (my professors) main goal is to find out at what intensity (he keeps saying temperature) of light the objects behave as free particles. I see where this could be of interest, but aren't there bigger things...
  41. P

    Rejected from all REUs. What am I lacking?

    I have, across the board, been rejected from all ten REUs that I applied to. A lot of them (CERN, Perimeter, SULI) make sense because of how prestigious they are, but I also failed to get into lesser know programs such as DAAD-RISE, Baylor, Columbia, Cornell, Indiana, Will&Mary, and Duke. I'd...
  42. F

    Aurora reliable data

    Hello, I am working in an experiment proposal for a contest at CERN, and I need reliable data about the Polar Aurora. The experiment consist in using a T9 beam to produce radiation similar to the Sun's radiation and irradiate with it a capsule with gas in conditions as close as possible to...
  43. danihel

    Concern about CERN

    hi, i was just wondering does anyone know whether, now that Switzerland is pulling out of Schengen it could have any repercussions on people working in CERN and/or the research center itself?
  44. A

    Positron Help

    Hi What is a positron? Is it a electron that moves faster? Why has it positive charge (has it anything to do with its speed?) When scientists at Cern do these "measurements", what can they use as evidence that a "positron" isnt just a electron? How do they know what positron is? How...
  45. H

    Do we know its a Higgs?

    Is there any possibility that CERN has discovered a particle that appears like a Higgs, but simply could be some other particle that has a different function?
  46. R

    Function of a Proton Synchrotron

    I am a young physics student currently attaining my A Levels, therefore my knowledge of this higher quantum physics is very limited. However, I have been given the oppotunity to possibly visit Cern, and conduct an experiment using the Proton beam (proton synchroton) and I must plan said...
  47. Safinaz

    CMS software

    Hi all, There is a CMS (Cern) program in which can display similar to the attached figures, do any one know what is it and how can I download ? Best, S.
  48. J

    Length and distance in SR

    I would appreciate views on the following understanding of length and distance in SR, restricted here to inertial movement. This is the beginning of a follow up to the thread: https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=724025 1. The spatial length of an object is the spatial separation...
  49. A

    Gravitational or inertial mass gain in cern ?

    Hi, I have been reading about CERN for a while and found amazing - amongst many other things - the fact that hadrons in the LHC turn some of their energy to mass after having reached the maximum possible speed. However this statement was not clear enough. I was wondering whether the mass they...
  50. A

    Astronomy lab report abstract

    Hey guys, I'm in the middle of writing a lab report and I'm having trouble with my abstract. I know as a 3rd year uni student I should know how to write one by now. I feel it's a bit long, what do you think? How could I improve? I'm not asking you to write it for me just some hints. The...
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