- #1

pc2-brazil

- 205

- 3

Good afternoon,

For a body in a curvilinear motion moving with velocity [tex]\vec{v}[/tex], velocity can be divided into two components (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angular_velocity#Two_dimensions" Wikipedia article): a component parallel to the position vector (the radius), which changes the magnitude of the radius and is given by dr/dt, and a component perpendicular to the radius vector, called tangential velocity (v

The angular velocity is determined by the the tangential velocity:

[tex]\omega = \frac{v_t}{r}[/tex]

And the centripetal acceleration is given by:

[tex]a_c = \frac{v^2}{r}[/tex] (1)

My question is: I have seen, in many places, that the centripetal acceleration can be written as:

[tex]a_c = r\omega^2 = \frac{v_t^2}{r}[/tex] (2)

But it doesn't seem right. Why is it defined like this so frequently?

EDIT: I realized that, in definition (2), "r" is the polar radius, and not necessarily the radius of curvature of the trajectory. Definition (1) is true when "r" is the radius of curvature. Am I right?

Thank you in advance.

For a body in a curvilinear motion moving with velocity [tex]\vec{v}[/tex], velocity can be divided into two components (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angular_velocity#Two_dimensions" Wikipedia article): a component parallel to the position vector (the radius), which changes the magnitude of the radius and is given by dr/dt, and a component perpendicular to the radius vector, called tangential velocity (v

_{t}or [tex]v_{\bot}[/tex]), which changes the direction of the radius vector.The angular velocity is determined by the the tangential velocity:

[tex]\omega = \frac{v_t}{r}[/tex]

And the centripetal acceleration is given by:

[tex]a_c = \frac{v^2}{r}[/tex] (1)

My question is: I have seen, in many places, that the centripetal acceleration can be written as:

[tex]a_c = r\omega^2 = \frac{v_t^2}{r}[/tex] (2)

But it doesn't seem right. Why is it defined like this so frequently?

EDIT: I realized that, in definition (2), "r" is the polar radius, and not necessarily the radius of curvature of the trajectory. Definition (1) is true when "r" is the radius of curvature. Am I right?

Thank you in advance.

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