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kini.Amith
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In Electrodynamics text by Griffiths there is the statement of Earnshaw's theorem "a charged particle cannot be held in a stable equilibrium by electrostatic forces alone." But if we consider the system in which a positive charge is placed midway(where E is zero) between two positive charges of equal magnitude which are held in position by external forces. If the charge in the middle is displaced axially , then the electrostatic force will force it back into the equilibrium position.So isn't the charge in stable equilibrium. Isn't this a violation of Earnshaw's theorem?