# Effect of gravity on the precession rate of a gyroscope

• em2390
In summary, the precession rate of a gyroscope on Earth is 0.60 rad/s and it is directly proportional to the acceleration of gravity. If the gyroscope is taken to a lunar base with an acceleration of gravity of 0.165 g, its precession rate would be 0.099 rad/s. However, for large angular momentum, the precession is independent of the angle of tilt and is instead proportional to the acceleration of gravity. This approach is correct unless there is additional information not mentioned in the problem.
em2390

## Homework Statement

A certain gyroscope precesses at a rate of 0.60 rad/s when used on earth.
If it were taken to a lunar base, where the acceleration due to gravity is 0.165 g, what would be its precession rate?

## Homework Equations

Is the precession rate directly proportional to the gravity exerted on it.

## The Attempt at a Solution

Pr=Precession rate we know is Torque/Angular Momentum. The only place i see gravity is in torque (r*ma) so I figured that if the force of gravity is .165 times less, the PR would be .165 times less, or .60 x .165 = 0.099, but that's wrong

For large L the precession is proportional to the acceleration of gravity and independent of the angle of tilt.

$$\omega_p=\frac{mgr}{L}$$

Unless there's more information to the problem, your approach is correct.

yea that's what i thought, but for some reason, that's the incorrect answer, and I copied everything from the problem word for word
anyway, thanks for the response

## 1. How does gravity affect the precession rate of a gyroscope?

Gravity plays a significant role in the precession rate of a gyroscope. The force of gravity pulls down on the spinning gyroscope, causing it to tilt and precess. This tilting motion changes the orientation of the gyroscope, which impacts its precession rate.

## 2. Is there a direct relationship between gravity and the precession rate of a gyroscope?

Yes, there is a direct relationship between gravity and the precession rate of a gyroscope. As the force of gravity increases, the precession rate of the gyroscope also increases. This is because gravity exerts a torque on the gyroscope, causing it to precess at a faster rate.

## 3. Can the precession rate of a gyroscope be affected by the strength of gravity?

Yes, the precession rate of a gyroscope can be affected by the strength of gravity. The stronger the force of gravity, the faster the precession rate of the gyroscope. This is due to the fact that a stronger force of gravity will cause the gyroscope to tilt and precess more quickly.

## 4. How does the angle of the gyroscope's spin axis affect its precession rate?

The angle of the gyroscope's spin axis has a direct impact on its precession rate. When the spin axis is perpendicular to the force of gravity, the precession rate is at its maximum. As the spin axis becomes more parallel to the force of gravity, the precession rate decreases. When the spin axis is parallel to gravity, there is no precession.

## 5. Can the precession rate of a gyroscope be affected by external factors other than gravity?

Yes, the precession rate of a gyroscope can be affected by external factors such as air resistance, friction, and other forces acting on the gyroscope. These external factors can alter the orientation of the gyroscope, which in turn affects its precession rate. It is important to consider and account for these external factors when conducting experiments involving the precession rate of a gyroscope.

• Classical Physics
Replies
34
Views
764
• Advanced Physics Homework Help
Replies
2
Views
2K
• Mechanics
Replies
0
Views
612
• Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
33
Views
1K
• Mechanics
Replies
10
Views
2K
• Classical Physics
Replies
6
Views
1K
• Classical Physics
Replies
2
Views
992
• Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
5
Views
1K
• Advanced Physics Homework Help
Replies
1
Views
1K
• Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
6
Views
1K