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Electric Fields near the surface of the earth

  1. Jun 16, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A 0.10 g honeybee acquires a charge of +23 pC while flying.

    (a) The electric field near the surface of the earth is typically 100 N/C, directed downward. What is the ratio of the electric force on the bee to the bee's weight?

    (b) What electric field strength and direction would allow the bee to hang suspended in the air?


    2. Relevant equations

    E = F on q/q+


    3. The attempt at a solution

    (a) E = fon q/q+
    Therefore, F = Eq
    = (100 N/C)(23 x 10^-12 C)
    = 2.3 x 10^-9 N

    Therefore, (2.3 x 10^-9)/(1.0 x 10^-4 kg)
    = 2.3 x 10^-5 N/kg

    (b) I don't really know how to get this one started. I think it would be directed upward though. Can someone please help me with part b and let me know if I was correct on part a?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 16, 2010 #2

    rock.freak667

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    Homework Helper

    For a) you want to get a ratio.

    weight = mg. So you need to multiply 1.0 x 10-4 kg by 9.81 m/s2

    For b), if the bee is suspended, the resultant force is zero. So the electric force should be the same as the bee's what ?
     
  4. Jun 16, 2010 #3
    weight?
     
  5. Jun 16, 2010 #4

    rock.freak667

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    Right, so EQ=mg. What is E?
     
  6. Jun 16, 2010 #5
    Ah. Therefore E = mg/q
    =[(1.0 x 10^-4 kg)(9.81 m/s)]/(23 x 10^-12 C)
    =4.3 x 10^7 N/C?
     
  7. Jun 16, 2010 #6

    rock.freak667

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    Yes that is correct.
     
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