# What is Electric fields: Definition and 506 Discussions

An electric field (sometimes E-field) is the physical field that surrounds electrically-charged particles and exerts force on all other charged particles in the field, either attracting or repelling them. It also refers to the physical field for a system of charged particles. Electric fields originate from electric charges, or from time-varying magnetic fields. Electric fields and magnetic fields are both manifestations of the electromagnetic force, one of the four fundamental forces (or interactions) of nature.
Electric fields are important in many areas of physics, and are exploited practically in electrical technology. In atomic physics and chemistry, for instance, the electric field is the attractive force holding the atomic nucleus and electrons together in atoms. It is also the force responsible for chemical bonding between atoms that result in molecules.
Other applications of electric fields include motion detection via electric field proximity sensing and an increasing number of diagnostic and therapeutic medical uses.
The electric field is defined mathematically as a vector field that associates to each point in space the (electrostatic or Coulomb) force per unit of charge exerted on an infinitesimal positive test charge at rest at that point. The derived SI units for the electric field are volts per meter (V/m), exactly equivalent to newtons per coulomb (N/C).

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2. ### Magnetic and Electric Fields problem

Would i assume that fg = fm (force gravity holding straight wire down is equal to the magnetic force) and isolate for I? Help if you're available please!
3. ### How do I incorporate electric fields into capacitors?

I know that I’m supposed to use proportional reasoning, but where does electric field even fit in? For whatever equation, I know I’m supposed to see how increasing the voltage by either 2 and 4 volts related to electric field. If electric field is the same as “U”, then wouldn’t it be...
4. ### I Defining the Forces from Magnetic Fields and Electric Fields

We define Electric Field Intensity vector at a point as the force experienced by a unit positive charge kept at a point. Is it correct to define B vector similarly that is, is B vector the magnetic force acting on an unit magnetic north pole and is it correct to call B vector Magnetic Field...
5. ### I EM Four-Potential and INDUCED Electric Fields

Say we have a long solenoid with a current that is fluctuating in time. Then the changing magnetic flux in the solenoid will induce an electric field around the outside of the solenoid (Faraday's Law). This induced electric field is not conservative and therefore cannot have a corresponding...
6. ### I Induced electric fields and induced magnetic fields confusion

So changing magnetic fields induce electric fields (Faraday's law when the magnetic field is changed by either moving the source or by changing the current in the source that's causing the magnetic field, ie. we're not moving the conductor where an emf is induced so there's no f=qvXB). Also...
7. ### A Quantum Properties of Quasi Static Electric Fields

Assume I could produce a stream of calcium ions from a 2nm diameter nanotube by pushing them through the nanotube using coulomb repulsion. Assuming these coulomb repulsed ions produce a stream of entangled ions which then create a slowly emitting quasi static electric (near) field. Even if...
8. ### I What is wrong with crossing electric fields? Why can't you sum them?

I do not understand why electric fields cannot cross. Can't you just sum the two electric fields vectors to get a net electric field?
9. ### I Exploring Oscillating Electric Fields for Dipolar Molecules

Hi all! I was wondering, Is it possible, given a specific dipolar molecule, to create the perfect oscillating electric field so as to heat it and not, i.e. the water around it? What I'm basically asking is could there exist a specific microwave just for X and not all dipolar molecules without...

11. ### A Phase diagram of Carbon at large electric fields.

I am wondering if the phase diagram of Carbon has been explored at very large electric fields. Can one make any theoretical guesses ? In specific I am interested in Pressure Vs Electric field and Electric field vs Temperature at fixed temperature and pressure respectively.
12. ### B Do contracting muscles emit electric fields?

I bought an EMF meter that can discriminate to electric fields, and it is highly sensitive to the proximity of my body. What is it in the human body that emits electric fields? Is it muscle activity? Maybe many things in the body? Thanks.
13. ### Need Help Understanding Electric Flux and Electric Flux Density

I don't understand the exact meaning of flux. Please be kind to help.
14. ### MHB Multiple choice question about electric fields and magnetic fields

Consider a region where a 25-volt-per-meter electric field and a 15-millitesla magnetic field exist and are along the same direction. If the electron is in the said region, is moving at a direction 20 degrees counter-clockwise from the direction of the magnetic field, and is experiencing a total...
15. ### Electrons in Electric Fields: Examining Changes

What changes occur in electron, whenit through in a electric field
16. ### Electric fields of charged plates

I thought it might be the case that the "2m away" wasn't applicable as the electric field doesn't change if the point away is less than the length of the plate, so I thought I should use the equation listed. All examples I can find talk about two charged plates, or the effect on cylinders...
17. ### I Permittivity as a tensor

If I have an anisotropic material with permittivity: $$\epsilon= \begin{pmatrix} \epsilon_{ii} & \epsilon_{ij} & \epsilon_{ik} \\ \epsilon_{ji} & \epsilon_{jj} & \epsilon_{jk} \\ \epsilon_{ki} & \epsilon_{kj} & \epsilon_{kk} \\ \end{pmatrix}$$ What exactly does each element represent in this...

45. ### Electric field vector in component form

Homework Statement A -12nC charge is located at (x,y) = (1.0cm, 0cm). What are the electric fields at the positions (x,y) = (5.0cm, 0cm), (-5.0cm, 0cm), and (0cm, 5.0cm)? Write each electric field vector in component form. Homework Equations E=k(q/r2) The Attempt at a Solution I was able to...
46. ### Does the superposition of electric fields not hold for moving charges?

If a single point charge is moving, then the component of the electric field normal to the motion is larger (by the gamma factor) than if the charge were stationary. Now consider an infinite line of charges (with a small separation, the same between each charge). If the whole line is moving...
47. ### Electric Fields - Electron Passing through deflecting Plates

Hi Guys, I have attempted the question below. Please have a look at my work and let me know if everything looks fine. Any feedback would be great. 1. Homework Statement Homework Equations F = qv/d a = F/m t = d/v qv = 1/2mv^2 x = vt + 1/2 at^2 The Attempt at a Solution
48. B

### Induction via Infinite sheet of Current

My thoughts are concerning an infinite sheet carrying current in a direction. I wish to induce a unidirectional electric field outside of the sheet via induction. My ideas were that if the current was changed linearly in a sawtooth fashion, then I would achieve the induced electric field in...
49. ### Lateral electric fields in a lateral electrostatic actuator

Hello, I'm reading through section 6.2.2 of https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/electrical-engineering-and-computer-science/6-013-electromagnetics-and-applications-spring-2009/readings/MIT6_013S09_chap06.pdf on page 157. I understand all the math, but I have a conceptual questions that I don't seem to...
50. C

### Motion of Charged Particles in Electric Fields

Homework Statement This is the question: An electron at rest of mass 9.11 × 10−31 kg is accelerated through a potential difference of 350 V. It then enters some deflecting plates of 50 V with dimensions as shown. Calculate the distance x (deflection of the electron) (Charge on an electron is...