Electromagnetic Momentum and Energy

  • #1

Main Question or Discussion Point

I've been presented with these concepts, and the first time i saw them i thought they were just mathematical mambo-jumbo, but of course i didn't gave much importance to these thoughts. I've been constructing an idea of these after seeing how they behave in different circumstances, but really, i just seem to make a sense out of them from the examples and not from the 'derivation' they gave me. they're quite strange concepts, and i just wanted you guys to throw me some facts about them to chew in a bit and give a sense of them :)
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
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5
Are you talking about radio waves, visible light, x-rays, photons, etc?
 
  • #3
well, as far as i know, any EM field will have an energy associated with it. the expression for it would be
(1/2)*[tex]\int E^2+B^2[/tex]
This would be valid for any EM field, including light. the integral is taken over a certain volume, and you can get the energy density as the limit.
 
  • #4
4,662
5
The equation you are writing relates to the stored energy density in a volume. It is the physics version of such electrical engineering equations as (1/2) L I2 and (1/2) C V2. The electromagnetic energy flow is given by the Poynting vector P = integral[E x H] dA, which relates to the electromagnetic power flowing across an area element dA.
 
  • #5
jtbell
Mentor
15,505
3,300
These pages derive electromagnetic energy and momentum conservation from Maxwell's equations.
 
  • #6
thanks. those links really helped :)
 

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