# Energy needed to pull parallel plate capacitor

## Homework Statement

a parallel plate capacitor of 10pF is charged to 10kV ( air dielectric). It is then isolated from battery.The plates are pulled away from each other until distance is 10 times more than before. what is the energy needed to pull the plates.

c=εA/d ; c=Q/V ;

## The Attempt at a Solution

You will get more help if you show some attempt at the problem, or at least give us an idea of what part you are struggling with. People don't want to just give you the answers to your homework.

Hi CanIExplore,

3. The Attempt at a Solution ::

I assume, the electric field will not change if distance between plate increase, but voltage will do.
Voltage, V =Ed
So If d -> 10d, V=E*10d = 10V .
So New Energy, W2=1/2 * C * V ^2 = (10^2)W1 . ( W1 is energy stored before modification)

Is this correct???
What will happen to capacitor,C if the distance(d) increases?? Whether both capacitance and voltage will change?? I know C=Q/V ;

... What will happen to capacitor,C if the distance(d) increases?? Whether both capacitance and voltage will change?? I know C=Q/V ;...

To find what happens to C it is better to look at C = $\epsilon$A/d

To find what happens to C it is better to look at C = $\epsilon$A/d

Ok. So in this case capacitance becomes 0.1C, right??
hence the energy stored in the capacitor(after pulling the plates) will be 10 times more than that of initial condition.

My solution is,
First case: Energy,W1 = 1/2 * C * V^2
= 1/2 * 10pF * (10kV)^2
= 0.0005 joules

Second case: after plates are pulled away 10 times
Energy,W2 =1/2 * (0.1*10pF) * (10*10kV)^2
= 0.005 joules

So the energy required to pull the plates is = W2 - W1
= 0.0045 joules.

Is it correct??? or am I missing something?? because this answer is not there in available choices.

I think it is correct.
One can look at it from another angle.

I assume, the electric field will not change if distance between plate increase, but voltage will do.
Voltage, V =Ed

This is exactly right.

What will happen to capacitor,C if the distance(d) increases?? Whether both capacitance and voltage will change?? I know C=Q/V

Well you've already stated that the voltage will change. You just found how much it changes when the distance is increased in the previous part. Then according to the definition of capacitance which you have written there, how does the capacitance change if the voltage changes?

To find the work, try writing your work equation in terms of just voltage and charge, or just capacitance and charge rather than having both of them in your equation at once.

@ grzz and CanIExplore,