Energy Problem involving simple harmonic motion

  • Thread starter myoplex11
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  • #1
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Homework Statement


The motion of a particle is described by x = 10 sin (piet +pie/2 ). At what time ( in second ) is the potential energy equal to the kinetic energy ?


Homework Equations




KE = 1/2 mv^2 PE=1/2 Kx^2

The Attempt at a Solution



V=pie10cos(piet + pie/3)
V^2 = pie^2 100cos^2(piet+ pie/3)
KE = mpie5ocos^2 (piet + pie/3)
X^2 =100sin^2(piet +pie/2 )
PE =k50 sin^2(piet +pie/2 )
KE=PE
pie^2 100cos^2(piet+ pie/3) =K50 sin^2(piet +pie/2 )
m/k * pie^2 = tan^2(piet +pie/2 )
take square root of both sides of equation
1/pie * pie = tan(piet + pie/3)
piet + pie/3 =tan-1(1)
solving for t i get a negative value where iam i going wrong.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Kurdt
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There appear to be a lot of algebraic errors throughout. Where has the m and k gone from the equation toward the end?

EDIt: up to the this point you seem to be fine as far as I can tell:

m/k * pie^2 = tan^2(piet +pie/2 )

I just want to know how you got rid of the m and k in the next step?
 
  • #3
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w(angular frequency) = (k/m)^0.5 so
1/w=m/k
siince w = pie
m/k = 1/pie
 
  • #4
Kurdt
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I tried a different approach and got the same answer. since the motion is SHM one would think that value +[itex]n2\pi[/itex] should work.
 
  • #5
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what is n2PI is it equal to m/k ?
 
  • #6
rl.bhat
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You can wright PE = 1/2*m*w^2*x^2 and KE = 1/2*m*w^2*(A^2 - x^2)
When PE = KE, we get 2x^2 = A^2 or x = A/sqrt2. Put this value in the equation of SHM.
A/sqrt2 = Asin(pi*t + Pi/2 ) or 1/sqrt2 = sin(pi*t + pi/2). Sin(pi/4) = sin(3*pi/4) = 1/sqrt2 To avoide negative time, take sin(3pi/4) = sin(pi*t + pi/2)
That gives you t = 1/4 s.
 
Last edited:
  • #7
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the anwser is 0.9 s
 

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