# Find f(t) given an inverse Laplace transform

Gold Member
1. Homework Statement

Find $$f(t)$$.

2. Homework Equations

$$L^{-1}\left\{\frac{s}{s^{2}+4s+5}\right\}$$

3. The Attempt at a Solution

I tried completing the square to get to the solution and I ended up with:

$$L^{-1}\left\{\frac{s}{s^{2}+4s+5}\right\}$$ =

$$L^{-1}\left\{\frac{s}{(s+2)^{2}+1}\right\}$$

Then, I used the inverse of a transform for cosine and the first translation theorum:

$$coskt = L^{-1}\left\{\frac{s}{(s^{2}+k^{2})}\right\}$$

$$L\left\{e^{at}f(t)\right\} = F(s-a)}$$

with $$a$$ being -2 and $$k$$ being 1 to get an answer of:

$$e^{-2t}cos(t)$$

$$e^{-2t}cos(t)-2e^{-2t}sin(t)$$

My question is where does the $$-2e^{-2t}sin(t)$$ come from?

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#### djeitnstine

Gold Member
Are you sure that is all of the Laplace transform?

#### rock.freak667

Homework Helper
$$\frac{s}{(s+2)^2+1}=\frac{s+2 -2}{(s+2)^2+1}$$

now when you split that into two fractions, the one with s+2 in the numerator will give the cos term and the other will give the sin term, assuming I remember laplace transform correctly.

#### djeitnstine

Gold Member
Good call, I knew that was missing but for some reason failed to mention it =(

Gold Member
$$\frac{s}{(s+2)^2+1}=\frac{s+2 -2}{(s+2)^2+1}$$

now when you split that into two fractions, the one with s+2 in the numerator will give the cos term and the other will give the sin term, assuming I remember laplace transform correctly.
Aaaaha! That looks like a Calc II trick coming back to light. The chapter in my Differential Equations book dealing with Laplace Transforms does talk a lot about fancy algebra techniques like partial fraction decomposition, rearranging constants, and completing the square. I just forgot this one in particular.

Thanks for the explanation.

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