• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products Here!

Find Surface Area obtained by rotating a curve?

  • Thread starter seichan
  • Start date
  • #1
32
0
Find the area of the surface obtained by rotating the curve
y=2e^(2y)
from y=0 to y=4 about the y-axis.

Any help on this would be greatly appreciated. This has my whole hall stumped. We know that you have to use the equation 2pi*int(g(y)sqrt(1+(derivative of function)^2), but cannot figure out how to integrate this correctly.

What I have gotten so far:
y=2e^(2y)
[when u=2y, du/2=dx]
y=e^u
New bounds: 1 to e^4

2pi*int(e^u*sqrt(1+(e^u)^2)

How do you go from there? Any help would be greatly appreciated.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
32
0
Sorry, the problem is x=2e^(2y)
 
  • #3
rock.freak667
Homework Helper
6,230
31
[itex]x=2e^{2y} \Rightarrow \frac{dx}{dy}=4e^{2y}[/itex]

[tex]S=2\pi \int _{0} ^{4} x\sqrt{1+\left(\frac{dx}{dy}\right)^2} dy[/tex]



[tex]S=2\pi \int _{0} ^{4} 2e^{2y}\sqrt{1+(4e^{2y})^2} dy[/tex]


Let [itex]u=4e^{2y} \Rightarrow \frac{du}{dy}=8e^2y \Rightarrow \frac{du}{4}=2e^{2y}dy[/itex]

[tex]\equiv S=2\pi \int \frac{1}{4} \sqrt{1+u^2} du[/tex]

I think a hyperbolic trig. substitution will work here e.g.t=sinhx (OR if you want t=secx)
 
  • #4
32
0
Thank you very much. I got this far, but tried to use normal trig substitution. IT goes without saying that it didn't really work for me.
 
  • #5
rock.freak667
Homework Helper
6,230
31
[tex]\equiv S=2\pi \int \frac{1}{4} \sqrt{1+u^2} du[/tex]

Let [itex]u=sect \Rightarrow \frac{du}{dt}=secttant \Rightarrow du=secttant dt[/itex]

[tex] \frac{\pi}{2}\int \sqrt{1+sec^2t}secttant dt \equiv \frac{\pi}{2}\int \sqrt{tan^2t}secttant dt[/tex]


[tex]\frac{\pi}{2}\int secttan^2t dt \equiv \frac{\pi}{2}\int sect(sec^2t-1) dt[/tex]

Long and tedious but it should work.
 
  • #6
29
0
you could just use trig substitution where something in the form sqrt(A^2+X^2) should be approached making the substitution u=tangent(theta)

so you could plus u into sqrt(1+u^2) and end up with sec(theta)
then have du=sec^2(theta)

then for 2pi*integtal(0.25sqrt(1+u^2))du you would get

pi/2*integral(sec(theta)*sec^2(theta))d(theta)

then just use u substitution and get your answer
 
  • #7
rock.freak667
Homework Helper
6,230
31
you could just use trig substitution where something in the form sqrt(A^2+X^2) should be approached making the substitution u=tangent(theta)

so you could plus u into sqrt(1+u^2) and end up with sec(theta)
then have du=sec^2(theta)

then for 2pi*integtal(0.25sqrt(1+u^2))du you would get

pi/2*integral(sec(theta)*sec^2(theta))d(theta)

then just use u substitution and get your answer

Ahhh yes my mistake..sect would be the wrong trig fn....tant is much better...My mistake....Though I prefer the hyperbolic ones to the trig ones
 
  • #8
rock.freak667
Homework Helper
6,230
31
Find the surface area by rotating the curve x=(1/3)y^(3/2) - y^(1/2) about the y- axis between 1 and 3.
Not making much progress with this question, any help would be appreciated.
it is not good to thread-jack, so start a new thread showing your work


use this formula


[tex]S= \int_{y_1} ^{y_2} 2 \pi x ds \ where \ ds=\sqrt{1+ \left( \frac{dx}{dy} \right) ^2} dy[/tex]
 

Related Threads for: Find Surface Area obtained by rotating a curve?

Replies
1
Views
2K
Replies
5
Views
4K
Replies
6
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
4K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
9K
Replies
5
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
1K
Top