Finding maximum percentage error using differentials?

1. Mar 5, 2013

theBEAST

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Here is the question along with the solution:

Can anyone explain why the terms I circled in red are different? For the first term there is a negative sign but then the second term does not? Why did it disappear?

2. Mar 5, 2013

fortissimo

You sum the absolute values to get an approximate upper limit. You don't know in which direction the error might be, therefore you need to do this. If dM/dx = -5 and dM/dy = 5, then you would say the error would be 5-5 = 0 (with |deltax| and |deltay| set accordingly) whereas it may have been 10. Remember you only know the absolute values of the errors, therefore you need to estimate your error using the maximum possible error on the set [x-deltax, x+deltax] X [y-deltay, y+deltay].
You could also say that this follows from the triangle inequality, but only approximately since second derivatives may play a role at a sufficient distance.