Finding number of atoms and volume

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Homework Statement



The mass of a copper atom is 5.30 10-25 kg, and the density of copper is 8 920 kg/m3 .
(a) Determine the number of atoms in 1 cm3 of copper.

_______Cu—atom/cm3



(b) Visualize the one cubic centimeter as formed by stacking up identical cubes, with one copper atom at the center of each. Determine the volume of each cube.


_______cm3/Cu—atom




(c) Find the edge dimension of each cube, which represents an estimate for the spacing between atoms.

_________cm



Homework Equations



Density=mass/Volume



The Attempt at a Solution




Well, the book the book we are using for this class "Physics for Scientists and Engineers" by Serway has no right being used in an Introductory Physics class.

I re-read the relevant chapter THREE times and still haven't figured out how to solve this.

Therefore, I used my intuition alone.

Using the info I have:

3.06*10^(-25)kg= (8,920kg/m^3)*1cm^3 = M=D*V

I cancelled the volumes but that won't left over any missing variables.

I googled for alternatives and my textbook absolutely does not point us in any direction regarding this question. Please help.

Thanks in advance.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
lewando
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You need the answer from a) to do b) and c). So focus on that first. It is essentially a unit conversion problem.
 
  • #3
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You need the answer from a) to do b) and c). So focus on that first. It is essentially a unit conversion problem.

Yes, I just figured that this morning. Thanks.

But now I am having trouble with that.

I equated:

(8920kg/m^3)*(m/cm)*(cm-atom)/kg=Cu-atom/cm^3

Then 8920/m^3*1m/100*5.24*10^(-27)=Cu-atom/cm^3

But now what? Does my setup even look right?
 
  • #4
lewando
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I equated:

(8920kg/m^3)*(m/cm)*(cm-atom)/kg=Cu-atom/cm^3

Then 8920/m^3*1m/100*5.24*10^(-27)=Cu-atom/cm^3

But now what? Does my setup even look right?

Not really. You need to inventory all of your unitary conversion factors and apply them correctly.
1 = 1 Cu atom / 5.30 10-25 kg
1 = 1m3 / 1x106 cm3
1 = 8920 kg / 1m3

You are trying to convert 1 cm3 [of Cu] to Cu atoms. If you had a unitary conversion factor
in the form of:
1 = X Cu atoms / Y cm3 you would be close to being finished with part a). Can you try this using the above unitary factors?
 
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