For every rational number, there exists sum of two irrational numbers

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Homework Statement



Prove: For every rational number z, there exists irrational numbers x and y such that x + y = z.

Homework Equations



by definition, a rational number can be represented by ratio of two integers, p/q.

The Attempt at a Solution



Is there a way to do this by contraposition?

Would the contraposition be, For all rational numbers x and y, there does not exist an irrational number z such that x + y = z? I can handle from there, but I don't think my contraposition is correct.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Hurkyl
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Is there a way to do this by contraposition?
The question, as stated doesn't have any "if ... then ..." clauses in it. So, you have to rewrite it. You could, for example, sue
For every real z, if (z is rational) then (there exists irrational x and y such that x+y=z​
which you could contrapositive. I'm not sure it helps, though.


Have you tried one the simplest of all techniques -- guess and check?
 
  • #3
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Have you tried one the simplest of all techniques -- guess and check?


Hmm, you're right, I don't think contraposition will help. I'm not sure what you mean by guess and check. Since it says for ALL Z, I'm not sure how I would generalize a sum of two irrational numbers.
 
  • #4
Hurkyl
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You can guess for the existentials, though.

(And you can always try specific z's to get an idea before tackling the universal case)
 
  • #5
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Prove: For every rational number z, there exists irrational numbers x and y such that x + y = z.
Proof: x=z/2+sqrt(2), y=z/2-sqrt(2), so x+y=z and x, and y are irrational.
 
  • #6
hunt_mat
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It looks that simple dimitri.
 
  • #7
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It is, isn't it?
 

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