1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data I am building a tank to produce waves. I have two options to power the flap that will be produced to create the waves: 1. Pneumatic system 2. Motor and Cam system Before I can order motors or pneumatic air cylinders I need to know what force will be required to move the flap the required distance to produce the waves. Sketches of both systems are attached Sketch of problem is attached 2. Relevant equations Fxd = mgh P= FxA ? 3. The attempt at a solution From attached images: Mass of Water = 7500kg Finding Distance: d = tan 18 x 1 = 32.5cm Finding mass of displaced water: d x h x w = .325 x 1 x .75 = 243.75kg but we are dealing with triangle so mass of displaced water =243.75/2 = 121.875kg of water displaced Calculating Height of water when flap is extended: Mass of water = length of tank x width of tank x height of tank 7.5 = (10-.1625) x .75 x h h = 1.0165 cm Calculating Force: d = 32.5/2 = 16.25 (as we are dealing with triangle not rectangle) F x 16.25 = 7500x9.81x1.0165 F = 4602.4kN My Thoughts Very sure I am missing something fundamental with this solution but not sure what!! I feel I have ignored the fact that the force is being applied at 1.25m not 1m but dont know how to incorporate this. Im also unsure if I have used the wrong figures for my Fxd=mgh solution. I feel P=F/A can be incorporated but not sure how? Thanks for any feedback!