# B Fourier series of a step function

1. Mar 29, 2017

### chikou24i

Hello, can we make a Fourier series expansion of a (increasing or decreasing) step function ? like the one that I attached here. I just want to know the idea of that if it is possible.

2. Mar 29, 2017

### Staff: Mentor

You can write down the integral, but with an infinite step function like this the integrals will diverge. With a finite step function it works.

3. Mar 29, 2017

### chikou24i

So you mean that I should take each portion appart (where f(x) is constant) and calculate the integral. Then, I add them all together ?
Is there any other method where I can calculate Fourier series normally and then I multiply them by another factor which will make them increase or decrease ?

4. Mar 29, 2017

### Staff: Mentor

The sum will diverge as well for most frequencies, and the approach is at best questionable for frequencies where it does not diverge.

Why do you want to Fourier transform that function?

5. Mar 30, 2017

### chikou24i

I want to extract the mathematical function for this graph of voltage response. Could you please help me or guide me in doing that ?
https://fb-s-d-a.akamaihd.net/h-ak-xlp1/v/t1.0-0/p526x296/17457874_1911500359125961_8184758272904545979_n.jpg?oh=50117debf8fd6047caf1f0795e0a9254&oe=59500784&__gda__=1498980987_b71e34fea90ba330474f88d4a58f82d9 [Broken]

Last edited by a moderator: May 8, 2017
6. Mar 30, 2017

### Staff: Mentor

You could write it as sum of a linear or parabolic function and some periodic term.

I'm not sure if that is really useful, I'm quite sure a piecewise definition of the function will work better.