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**1. The problem statement, all variables, and given/known data**

Task begins by giving sample function and a corresponding Fourier transform $$f(t) = e^{-t^2 / 2} \quad \Longleftrightarrow \quad F(\omega) = \sqrt{2 \pi} e^{-\omega^2 / 2}$$ and then asks to find the Fourier transform of $$f_a(t) = e^{-a t^2}$$

**2. Relevant equations**

The equation for Fourier transform, according to our textbook, is $$F(\omega) = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} e^{i \omega t} f(t) d\omega$$ If I understand correctly, multiple notations exist, but this one was given to us.

**3. The attempt at a solution**

Normally the computation is pretty straightforward, simply plug ##f(t)## into the equation, perform some integration and done. However, this one gave me loads of troubles! A solution, according to output from Mathematica and our textbook solutions is $$F(\omega) = \sqrt{\frac{\pi}{a}} e^{-\frac{\omega ^2}{4 a}}$$ Some research later, I've found out that Fourier transform is linked to Dirac delta function, but this concept hasn't been discussed on lectures nor mentioned in the textbook. My suspicion is that link between exponential function and trigonometric functions (Euler's formula) can lead me a step closer to a solution.

Using Mathematica, I've seen that the integrand ##e^{i \omega t} f_a(t)## can be expressed as $$e^{t (-a t+i \omega )} = \cosh \left(a t^2-i t \omega \right)-\sinh \left(a t^2-i t \omega \right)$$ but since both integrals do not converge on ##(-\infty, \infty)## they cannot be computed. This claim was reafirmed when I tried integrading both functions in Mathematica.

At that point, I'm completely stuck. I thought about checking the given examples and trying to guess the value of Fourier transform this way, but even then I couldn't produce a solution. Would somebody be kind enough to help me?