Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Homework Help: Gauss' Law - Planar Symmetry HELP!

  1. Mar 8, 2007 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A square plate of edge length 9.0 cm and negligible thickness has a total charge of 6.3 x 10-6 C.

    (a) Estimate the magnitude E of the electric field just off the center of the plate (at, say, a distance of 0.50 mm) by assuming that the charge is spread uniformly over the two faces of the plate.

    (b) Estimate E at a distance of 62 m (large relative to the plate size) by assuming that the plate is a point charge.


    2. Relevant equations

    E = magnitude of electric field
    Omega = Surface Charge Density
    e = 8.85 x 10^-12 C^2/Nm^2
    pi = pi (ie 3.14...)
    r = radius
    q = Charge

    E = (Omega)/(2e)

    and then I used E = [ 1/(4pie) ] [ q/r^2 ]

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Well, I first used the second equation there with q = 6.3 x 10^-6 C
    and r = .5 mm = .0005 m to find the magnitude of the electric field.

    And then I plugged what I got there into E = (Omega)/(2e) to find Omega.

    That was wrong :(. What am I doing wrong? Is there another equation?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 8, 2007 #2

    mjsd

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    mmm... (a) is just the case of finding E field for an infiinitely large plate for the distance to plate is small compare to plate size... so r does not comes in at all...besides you had E = (Omega)/(2e), nowhere is there a "r" in here!

    (b) as suggested by the hint, treat it as a point charge
     
  4. Mar 8, 2007 #3
    "just off the center of the plate (at, say, a distance of 0.50 mm)"

    So wouldn't the .50mm be the radius? Or am I just still not getting it?
     
  5. Mar 8, 2007 #4

    mjsd

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    IF you consider that the plate is effectively an infinite plate, THEN you use E=(Omega)/2e as suggested by you... and there is no "r" in this equation!
     
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook