Given any real numbers a and b such that a < b, prove that for any natural number n, there are real numbers x1, x2, x3, ... , xn such that a < x1 < x2 < x3 < ... < xn < b.(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

The hint I was given says : Define xi recursively by x1 = (a+b)/2 and x(i+1) = (xi +b)/2. Prove that xi < xi + 1 < b, and use this result to prove by induction that a < x1 < x2 < x3 < ... < xn < b for any n in the natural numbers.

Okay so the hint doesnt really help me at all but I think I have an idea of what the question is asking. Lets suppose a = 1 and b= 10. Then there are natural numbers between these such that 1 < .... < 10. So going back to the original proposition I could say that there are real numbers x1, x2, x3, ..., xn such that a < x1 < x2 < x3 < .. < xn < x(n+1) < b. Not really sure where to go from their.

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**

Join Physics Forums Today!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

# Homework Help: Given any real numbers a and b such that a<b, prove that for any natural number n

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**