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Help calculate pipe outlet pressure

  1. Feb 25, 2007 #1
    Where am I going wrong? Appreciate if someone can take a look at this and show me where I am going wrong.
    A conical pipe with inlet diameter 80mm and inlet pressure 0.5 bar, is inclined so that the outlet is 2m higher than the inlet. The outlet diameter is 140mm, the fluid density is 1000 kg/m3, and the mass flow rate is 40 kg/s.
    a) The inlet and outlet velocities
    b) The outlet pressure
    My workings are giving the outlet pressure higher than the inlet pressure,which must be wrong due to the head and increased diameter. Here is how I arrived at my answers:

    First calculate the inlet velocity V1
    Calculate CSA of inlet (A1)
    A1 = (PI × 0.08^2)/4
    = 5.02 × 10^-3 m2

    Calculate CSA of outlet (A2)
    A2 = (PI × 0.15^2)/4
    = 0.0154 m2

    Inlet Velocity V1
    V1 = Q/(A1 × ρ)
    V1 = 40/(0.00502 × 1000)
    = 7.968 m/s

    Outlet Velocity V2
    V2 = Q/(A2 × ρ)
    V2 = 40/(0.015 × 1000)
    = 2.67 m/s

    Outlet Pressure Calc
    Inlet Pressure P1 = 0.5 bar = 50000 pa
    Inlet head h1 = 0 m
    Outlet head h2 = 2m
    Gravity = 9.81
    gh1+ 1/2 V1^2+ (P1/ρ) = gh2+ 1/2 V2^2+ (P2/ρ)
    = (9.81 × 0) + 1/2 x 7.968^2 + (50000/1000) = (9.81 × 2) + 1/2 x 2.67^2 + (P2/1000)
    81.74 = 23.18 + (P2/1000)
    P2 = 1000(81.74-23.18)
    P2 = 58560 pa
    P2 = 0.58 bar

    Attached is a diagram of the pipe.

    Attached Files:

  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 26, 2009 #2
    Ah, I see.

    You have the wrong sign on the outlet head level. It is higher and therefore has a lower head (with positive being in the downwards direction on your drawing).

    What you always want to do is start from the outlet where you know the fluid's pressure (generally atmospheric) and set that as the datum level then the h part for the inlet will be a positive value if lower and negative if higher.

    PS i use the terms head and pressure to mean the same thing with water flow. The other thing to do to make calculations easier if dealing with water is to ignore the density (and gravity in the static part of the bernoulli equation) unless you realy need to and just work in meters of head where 10m of water is approximately equal to 1 bar
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