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How can I solve the following equation

  • Thread starter mdnazmulh
  • Start date
1. Homework Statement

what is the procedure to solve the following equation for x?
2^x + 6x = 16

2. Homework Equations



3. The Attempt at a Solution
I tried as following but it didn't work,
2^x + 6x = 16
2^x + 6x = 2^4
2^x + 6x = 2^4
(2^x) / 2^4 + (6x)/ 2^4 = 1
2^(x-4) + 6x/16 = 1
2^(x-4) + 3x/8 = 1
taking LCM,
8[2^(x-4)] + 3x = 8
[2^3][2^(x-4)] + 3x = 8
2^(x-1) + 3x = 8
after this stage I couldn't go farther..
The answer is x=2, but how to obtain it?
 
Hi,

I doubt whether this is the sollution you wanted to see, but this kind of equations are usually solved numerically [please correct me if Im wrong].
My proposition:

we have a function:
[tex]f(x) = 2^x + 6x - 2^4[/tex]
three facts that are obvious:
  • the function is continuous and strictly increasing
  • [tex]f(0) < 0[/tex]
  • [tex]f(4) > 0[/tex].
Realizing that it is a darboux function, we know that there exists such an "a", that [tex]f(a) = 0[/tex]. You can know write a computer program, to see the approximate number or you can guess it for yourself, cause the function you have is pretty student-friendly:

[tex]f(0) < 0 \wedge f(4) > 0[/tex]
[tex]f(1) < 0 \wedge f(4) > 0 [/tex]
[tex]f(1) < 0 \wedge f(3) > 0 [/tex]
[tex]f(2) = 0 [/tex]

hey! thats my answer!



maybe there is some smart way to do a few algebraic operations in order to get this '2' but I cant find it. I hope my post was somehow helpful to you.

rahl
 
The way u showed is not what I wanted. I dont have any idea about darboux function.
Can't we solve the above equation in any other easier way?

And how do we solve x + ln x = c ( c is some constant) or, a^x + x = c (a,c r constants) equations?
 
192
0
It can be solved graphically.

Rearrange it:

[itex]2^x + 6x = 16[/itex]

[itex]2^x = 16 - 6x[/itex]

Now plot both of the functions and it can be easily read from the graph (of course check it analytically) that they intersect at (2;4) so x = 2 is the root you're looking for.
 

HallsofIvy

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
41,683
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If you are looking for a solution in terms of an "elementary function", there is none. That is generally true of equations that involve the variable both "inside" and "outside" a transcendental function.

You could use the "Lambert W function",
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/LambertW-Function.html,
which is defined as the inverse function to f(x)= xex. For example, if x+ ln x= c, then ln x= x+ c. Taking the exponential of both sides, x= ex+ c= exec so, dividing both sides by ex, xe-x= ec. If we let u= -x, then x= -u and we have -ueu= ec or ueu= -ec. Applying the W function to both sides, u= W(-ec). Then x= -u= -W(-ec).
 

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