How to Calculate Initial Radioactive Activity for Patient Treatment?

In summary, the conversation is about a person struggling with a practice problem involving a radioactive sample with a half-life of 83.61 hours. They are trying to determine the initial activity of the sample in order to achieve a desired activity of 7.0 X 10^8 Bq after 24 hours of use. The person attempts a solution but is advised to start with the equation T1/2 = ln2/lambda in order to find the value for lambda before trying again.
  • #1
soul5
64
0

Homework Statement



Ok so I'm doing this practise problem but I have no clue what to do.

"A radioactive sample intended for irradiation of a hospital patient is prepared
at a nearby lab. The sample has a half-life of 83.61 h. What should it's initial activity be if it's activity is to be 7.0 X 10 ^ 8 Bq when it is used to irradiate the patient for 24 h?


Homework Equations




T 1/2 = Ln2/λ

N = N0e^λt


The Attempt at a Solution



Would you just do this?


N = 7.0 X 10 ^ 8 Bq e ^(83.61 - 24)

?

please help
 
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  • #2
soul5 said:
Would you just do this?


N = 7.0 X 10 ^ 8 Bq e ^(83.61 - 24)

?

please help


Unfortunately not, start with

T1/2 = ln2/lambda
lambda = ln2/(T1/2)

and try again. Hope this helps :smile:
 
  • #3


I can provide some guidance on how to approach this problem. First, it is important to understand the concept of half-life in radioactive decay. Half-life is the amount of time it takes for half of a radioactive sample to decay into a stable form. In this case, the half-life of the sample is 83.61 hours.

To solve this problem, we can use the equation N = N0e^-λt, where N is the final activity, N0 is the initial activity, λ is the decay constant, and t is the time. We know that the final activity is 7.0 X 10^8 Bq and the time is 24 hours. We also know that the half-life is 83.61 hours.

To find the initial activity, we can rearrange the equation to solve for N0:

N0 = N/e^-λt

Substituting the given values, we get:

N0 = 7.0 X 10^8 Bq/e^(-ln2/83.61 h * 24 h)

Simplifying, we get:

N0 = 7.0 X 10^8 Bq/e^-0.033

N0 = 7.0 X 10^8 Bq/0.967

N0 = 7.24 X 10^8 Bq

Therefore, the initial activity of the sample should be 7.24 X 10^8 Bq in order to have an activity of 7.0 X 10^8 Bq after 24 hours of irradiation. I hope this helps you understand the problem better and how to approach similar problems in the future.
 

1. What is the definition of "Half Life" in terms of medication?

The half-life of a medication is the amount of time it takes for half of the drug to be eliminated from the body. This is an important factor in determining the frequency and dosage of medication for a patient.

2. How is half-life determined for a specific medication?

The half-life of a medication can be determined through clinical trials and studies on how the drug is metabolized and eliminated from the body. It can also be calculated through blood tests and monitoring the levels of the drug in the body over time.

3. What factors can affect the half-life of a medication?

The half-life of a medication can be affected by a variety of factors, including a patient's age, weight, liver and kidney function, and other medications they may be taking. Genetics and underlying health conditions can also play a role in how a medication is metabolized and eliminated from the body.

4. How does the half-life of a medication impact its effectiveness?

The half-life of a medication can impact its effectiveness by determining how long it stays in the body and remains active. A shorter half-life may require more frequent dosing to maintain therapeutic levels, while a longer half-life may require less frequent dosing but may also increase the risk of side effects.

5. How can understanding half-life help patients manage their medication?

Understanding the half-life of a medication can help patients and healthcare providers determine the most appropriate dosage and frequency for a patient's specific needs. It can also help patients anticipate and manage potential side effects and ensure they are receiving the full benefits of their medication.

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