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I have Q's from my Honors Physics

  1. Dec 15, 2005 #1
    I am having troubles with these: If you could answer any 1 of these, thank you :) This is due by Midnight (tonight) 12/15/05 (*sigh*)

    (1) The coefficient of static friction between the person and the wall is 0.64. The radius of the cylinder is 5.48 m. The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s squared. An amusement park ride consists of a large vertical cylinder that spins about its axis fast enough that any person inside is held up against the wall when the floor drops away. What is the minimum angular velocity wmin needed to keep the person from slipping downward? Answer in units of rad/s.

    (2) To prepare for the g-forces of space launch, an astronaut is training on a centrifuge where his apparent weight is 4.2 times his normal weight mg. The centrifuge spins the astronaut in a horizontal circle of radius R = 4.17 m at constant speed v while the Earth's gravity pulls him down at g = 9.8 m/s squared. The astronaut's seat is inclined to stay perpendicular to his apparent weight. Calculate the centrifuge's rotational speed v. Answer in units of m/s.

    (3) On the way from a planet to a moon astronauts reach a point where that moon's gravitational pull is stronger than that of the planet. The masses of the planet and the moon are, respectively, 5.37E24 kg and 7.36E22 kg. The distance from the center of the planet to the center of the moon is 3.45E8 m. Determine the distance of this point from the center of the planet. Answer in units of m.

    (4) Given: G = 6.67259E-11 N m^2 / kg^2 (^2 means to the power of 2).

    A distant star has a single planet circling it in a circular orbit of radius 3.67E11 m. The period of the planet's motion about the star is 722 days. What is the mass of the star? Answer in units of kg.

    (5) Given: G = 6.67E-11 N m^2 / kg^2 (^2 means to the power of 2). Mearth = 5.98E24 kg.

    An earth satellite remains in orbit at a distance of r = 12010 km from the center of the earth. What speed would it have to maintain? Answer in units of m/s.

    (6) The planet Mars has a mass 6E23 kg and radius 3.5E6 m. The gravitational constant is 6.67259E-11 N m^2 / kg^2. What is the acceleration of an object in free-fall near the surface of Mars? Answer in units of m/s squared.

    (7a) Given: G = 6.67259E-11 N m^2 / kg^2.

    The asteroid Ceres has a mass 7.384E20 kg and a radius of 536.7 km. What is g on the surface? Answer in units of m/s squared.

    (7b) How much would a(n) 83.7 kg astronaut weigh on this asteroid? Answer in units of N.

    Thank you very much for your time and help!
     
    Last edited: Dec 15, 2005
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 15, 2005 #2
    you need to show some work for your questions.

    or at least what you think about each one.
     
  4. Dec 16, 2005 #3
    I'll answer the easier ones..
    7a) We assume their is a particle or whatever on the the brim of the raidus of the astroid
    so then we know that Fg=W
    mg=GMm/R_a
    where little m represents the mass of a particle in the radius of the astroid..
    m's cancel, g = GM/R_a
    we know G, the Mass of the astroid, and the Radius.. viola.
    7b) use the value of g you obtained in 7a and multiply his mass by it.
    You would most likely answer 6, the same way as 7.
    The problems are not that difficult, maybe you aren't reading the material and expecting people to answer them for you? Just cook your noodle a bit and the problems will become quite clear.
     
  5. Dec 17, 2005 #4

    daniel_i_l

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    Gold Member

    I didn't have time to read all the problems but here is how to do 2)
    Call the angle of the seat to the vertical alpha. Then find the components of the cetripital force and the weight perpendicular to the seat. Equating that to the normal that they give you, and using the fact that the other components are equal, you can find the centipital force, with that you can find the speed.
     
  6. Nov 15, 2007 #5
    Same thing

    hey if you figure out the first one lemme kno... im in the same jam you are with the exact same question just change radius to 6.01m
     
  7. Nov 15, 2007 #6

    Chi Meson

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    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Considering the question was originally asked almost 2 years ago, I think the OP has moved on.
     
  8. Nov 15, 2007 #7
    haha...i didn't even notice the date until it was brought to attention
     
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