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Ideal Gas law and a hot air balloon problem

  1. Sep 22, 2010 #1
    My physics problem is as following,
    Estimate the average temperature of the air inside a hot air balloon. Assume that the total mass of the unfilled balloon and payload is 500kg. what is the mass of the air inside the balloon?
    we are told to use a radius of 15m

    Equations needed
    density = m/V
    ideal gas law PV=nRT
    Pressure = Force over area.

    This is what i Have so far:

    Fnet = Fbuoyant - Fgravity
    because the balloon is assumed to be in equilibrium Fnet = zero
    0= density*V*g -(mass of air+mass of payload)*g
    Its here that i start to get confused. I think that the density is the density of the air alone because it is the buoyant force of the heated air pushing up on the balloon so to speak.
    I know that there is a relation to the gas law and from that the temperature of the balloon can be calculated....but i am stuck at this:
    P= density*R*T

    any suggestions/help?
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 22, 2010 #2


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    You can easily find an expression Fbuoyant using Archimedes's principle. What is Fgravity? It's the weight of the unfilled ballon plus the weight of the hot air in it. If you are going to use the ideal gas law (which you should) you need to consider the pressure of the hot gas.
  4. Sep 22, 2010 #3
    i have used the expression for the buoyant force

    density*V*g = (mass of air+mass of payload)*g -------> eqn (1)

    where density*V*g is the the buoyant force

    i am having trouble relating it to the gas law. I know that

    density = m/V

    so PV=nRT can be seen as

    P = density*R*T / Molar Mass

    but from the force equation (eqn (1) above) i have i'm not sure how to proceed as i do not know the mass of the air.
  5. Sep 22, 2010 #4


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    The mass of the air is mair=Nm, where N = number of molecules and m = mass of one molecule. Use the ideal gas law in the form pV = NkT to replace N in the mass expressions for the gas inside and outside the balloon.
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