Read about ideal gas | 93 Discussions | Page 1

  1. Mahfuz_Saim

    What will be the number of collision per second in a unit area?

    By using PV=nRT formula, I have found the volume of the vessel. As far as I have learned to calculate the number of collision in a unit volume. So, it is being difficult for me to find the right way to solve. I searched on the internet and have got this link. But I am not understanding that...
  2. I

    Chemistry Question on partial pressures

    I've first calculated the partial pressures of each gas: ##N_2: 0.4\times 7.4\times 10^4=3.0\times 10^4 Nm^{-2}\\## ##O_2: 0.35\times 7.4\times 10^4=2.6\times 10^4 Nm^{-2}\\## ##CO_2: 0.25\times 7.4\times 10^4=1.9\times 10^4 Nm^{-2}\\## From here, I do not know how to continue. Could someone...
  3. I

    Question about calculating the minimum temperature in hot air balloons

    First, I tried using the Archimedes principle and calculated the weight of the surrounding air displaced when taking off. ##W = 2500\times 1.29\times 9.81 = 31637.25 N## But then, I got stuck and do not know how to proceed from here on. I don't want the full solution yet but can I get some...
  4. P

    Entropy and the Helmholtz Free Energy of a Mass-Piston System

    Attempt at a Solution: Heat Absorbed By The System By the first law of thermodynamics, dU = dQ + dW The system is of fixed volume and therefore mechanically isolated. dW = 0 Therefore dQ = dU The change of energy of the system equals the change of energy of the gas plus the change of energy...
  5. CptXray

    Ideal gas in a cylindrical container

    It looks more like a computational obstacle, but here we go. Plugging all of these to the partition function: $$Q = \frac{1}{N! h^{3N}} \int -\exp(\frac{1}{2m}(p^2_{r}+p^2_{\phi}/r^2+p^2_{z})+gz)d\Gamma=$$ $$= \frac{1}{N! h^{3N}} \int \exp{(\frac{-1}{2m}p^2_{r})}dp_{r_{1}}...dp_{r_{N}}...
  6. F

    Moving an adiabatic partition in an adiabatic container

    The actual data for the problem and my (and my friend's) attempt at a solution are in the attached file. In a nutshell, this is what happened. I obtained a solution based on the fact that the system is isolated. Thus the initially hot gas moves the partition doing work onto the initially cold...
  7. ContagiousKnowledge

    General solution of the spherical wave equation

    Since the spherical wave equation is linear, the general solution is a summation of all normal modes. To find the particular solution for a given value of i, we can try using the method of separation of variables. $$ ψ(r,t)=R(r)T(t)ψ(r,t)=R(r)T(t) $$ Plug this separable solution into the...
  8. B

    Ideal gas: Temperture at 1 atm

    Summary: U=3/2*n*R*T Can some of you help me with this The total internal energy of an ideal gas is 3770 J. If there are 3 moles of the gas at 1 atm, what is the temperature of the gas? I use U=3/2*n*R*T but get the wrong answer, (101 K) but it should be 303 K [Moderator's note: Moved from...
  9. M

    Chemistry Ideal Gas Problem

    Hello guys. I really try to understand the problem, can you please help.
  10. N

    Ideal Gas Law in Two Dimensions

    I am creating a two-dimensional model of an ideal gas, and I was wondering how I should determine initial velocity. Ideally, I would like for the simulation to reach a point where the velocity distribution resembles that of the maxwell-boltzmann curve — will this be achieved if I, say, assign...
  11. S

    Changing the Air Temperature with a hair dryer

    Hi, so I found this on another old "AP" High School Finals Exam. I think I may be super lost. Because the only way that I can think about is KE = 3/2kT. And then that the difference of the Kinetic Energy of the air Particles is the Q supplied by the heater inside the air dryer. So ## \frac...
  12. J

    I Basic adiabatic expansion Question

    I have a compressed pure gas at a specific temperature and volume. (T1, V1) It suddenly (adiabatically) expands until it's at ambient pressure and a specific temperature. (P2, T2). Given: T1, V1, T2, and P2, I want to find P1 and V2. There's a great example in wikipedia which is almost...
  13. T

    Internal energy in ideal gas

    I have the definition of change in internal energy. $$ \Delta U = Q - W $$ I can get the work by $$ W = \int_{V_1}^{V_2} p dV = p \Delta V $$ however the pressure isn't constant so this wont do. ## W ## is work done by the gas and ## Q ## is amount of heat energy brought into the system. I'm...
  14. hnnhcmmngs

    Minimum heat removed from gas to restore its state

    Homework Statement After a free expansion to quadruple its volume, a mole of ideal diatomic gas is compressed back to its original volume isobarically and then cooled down to its original temperature. What is the minimum heat removed from the gas in the final step to restoring its state...
  15. S

    Ideal Gas Law and pressure

    Homework Statement An ideal gas has a molar mass of 40 g and a density of 1.2 kg m-3 at 80°C. What is its pressure at that temperature? Homework Equations PV=nRT R constant= 8.314 n= number of moles T= tempreture in kelvin density=Mass/ Volume The Attempt at a Solution i simply solved it like...
  16. relatively-uncertain

    Universal Gas Equation problem

    Hi everyone, I'd really appreciate any help with this problem: A helium cylinder for the inflation of party balloons hold s 25.0L of gas and is filled to a pressure of 16500kPa at 15 degrees celsius. How many balloons can be inflated from a single cylinder at 30 degrees celsius if the volume of...
  17. Q

    Help with this problem of manometry

    Homework Statement A J-shaped tube has an uniform cross section and it contains air to atmosphere pression of 75 cmo of Hg. It is pours mercury in the right arm, this Compress the closed air in the left arm. Which is the heigh of the mercury's column in left arm when the right arm is full of...
  18. H

    Find the change in the Kinetic energy of an Ideal Gas

    Homework Statement Let 3/2kT be the kinetic energy of ideal gas per molecules. T the absolute temperature and N the avogadro number. Answer the following questions : 1) when the volume doubled at constant temperature. How many times the kinetic energy per molecule become greater than before...
  19. mjda

    I How to describe the Sun's interior?

    My question to you is this... Can the interior of the Sun be described as an ideal gas? From my knowledge, to describe a body of gas as an ideal gas, the separation between the particles must be much greater than the size of the actual particles. How could one justify whether the Sun fits this?
  20. H

    Heat and work when temperature increases by 1 degree

    Homework Statement Kinetic energy per mol is 3/2KT Homework Equations Q = nC##\Delta##T U = Q + W W = -P##\Delta##V The Attempt at a Solution 1) internal energy = 3/2NKT 2) heat needed to increase temperature of 1 mol ideal gas by 1 degree at constant volume? Since constant volume, W = 0 Q...
  21. T

    B Adiabatic or Isobaric process?

    Consider the following problem: Gaseous helium (assumed ideal) filled in a horizontal cylindrical vessel is separated from its surroundings by a massless piston. Both piston and cylinder are thermally insulating. The ambient pressure is suddenly tripled without changing the ambient temperature...
  22. H

    Find the work done on a monoatomic gas in this P-V diagram

    Homework Statement Homework Equations internal change = $$\frac{3}{2}n.R.(T2 - T1)$$ Work = P.ΔV The Attempt at a Solution 1) T2 = $$\frac {P2. V2 . T1 }{P1 . V1} = 1.2 * 10^3$$ 2) Q = Internal change = $$\frac{3}{2}n.R.(T2 - T1) $$ $$ = \frac{3}{2} * 1 *8.3*10^{-3}*(12*10^2 - 3*10^2) $$...
  23. VSayantan

    Energy of a Gas in equilibrium with BB-radiation

    Homework Statement A closed, thermally-insulated box contains one mole of an ideal monatomic gas G in thermodynamic equilibrium with blackbody radiation B. The total internal energy of the system is ##U=U_{G}+U_{B}##, where ##U_{G}## and ##U_{B} (\propto T^4)## are the energies of the ideal gas...
  24. J

    Ideal gas law question

    1. Two equal glass bulbs are connected by a narrow tube and the whole is initially filled with a gas at a temperature of T0 and pressure of P0. Then, one of the bulbs is immersed in a bath at a temperature, T1 and the other in a bath at a different temperature, T2. Show that in this problem, the...
  25. J

    Internal energy of an ideal gas as a function of pressure?

    Assuming all gases in the combustion reaction of benzoic acid (C6H5COOH) behave ideally, what is the "exact" change in internal energy? The context in which this question is being asked is after a calorimetry experiment. For all the intents and purposes of calorimetry, the change in internal...
  26. F

    Work done pumping air into a bottle

    Hi there, i am struggling with the following problem. Air is pumping into a bottle with volume V and pressure Pi until it reaches a final pressure Pf. The temperature remains the same during the process and the gas is an ideal one. We have to calculate the work that is done. I am not quite...
  27. E

    Internal energy of an ideal gas as a function of temperature

    Homework Statement Two containers hold an ideal gas at the same temperature and pressure. Both containers hold the same type of gas but container B has twice the volume of container A. The internal energy of the gas in container B is (a) twice that for container A (b) the same as that for...
  28. L

    Moving along an isothermal

    Homework Statement The dot in Fig. 19-18b represents the initial state of a gas, and the isotherm through the dot divides the p-V diagram into regions 1 and 2. For the following processes, determine whether the change Eint in the internal energy of the gas is positive, negative, or zero: (a)...
  29. Techno_Knight

    Molecular Specific Heat of an Ideal Gas: Computations

    Homework Statement A cylinder with a heavy ram/piston contains air at T = 300 K. Pi = 2.00 * 105 Pa, Vi = 0.350 m3, Mr = 28.9 g/mol & Cv = 5R/2 (a) What's the Molecular Specific Heat of an Ideal Gas, with a constant volume, computed at J/KgC ? (Cv) (b) What's the mass of the air inside the...
  30. G

    Two gases separated by a piston

    Homework Statement [/B] Two ideal gases are contained adiabatically and separated by an insulating, fixed piston that blocks the molecules of gas 2 but allows the molecules of gas 1 through(in both directions). The initial pressures, volumes, temperatures and number of molecules on each side is...
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