I'm so behind in physics, Circular Rotation help.

  1. 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    The "Giant Swing" at a county fair consists of a vertical central shaft with a number of horizontal arms attached at its upper end. Each arm supports a seat suspended from a 5.00m long cable, the upper end of which is fastened to the arm at a point 3.00 m from the central shaft. Find the time of one rotation if the angle produced from the cable connecting to the arm is 30 degrees from vertical.


    2. Relevant equations
    Circumference= distance = 2 (pi) R
    Acceleration = V^2/R
    F = m(V^2/R)


    3. The attempt at a solution
    I honestly have no clue how to do this one. I keep working myself in circles, which doesn't seem to be getting anything accomplished. Any help on where I should start?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. is there any figure given with this.......i have trouble imagining this....
     
  4. gneill

    Staff: Mentor

    It's always best to start with a diagram. Draw a cross section showing the vertical pole, a cross beam, and one cable (at 30 degrees from vertical) with a mass on the end. Identify the center of rotation of the mass and the radius of the circle it will follow.

    After that you'll be drawing an FBD and working out the components of the accelerations acting.
     
  5. There was a figure with the problem, but I can't save it to upload here.

    I've been working through it, and it seems that if I could find the velocity, I'd be able to solve it.

    Any tips on how to go about finding velocity?
     
  6. Here's what I have so far:

    Radius: 3 + 5sin(30) = 5.5 m

    V = d/t = 34.56/t

    Circumference = 2(pi)(5.5)= 34.56

    Acceleration = V^2/R = (34.56/t)^2/5.5

    That's about as far as I can get without another variable that I know =/
     
  7. without figure I can't help..... difficult to see the situation
     
  8. gneill

    Staff: Mentor

    Good so far! Now, ask yourself why the cables are hanging at an angle of 30° to the vertical rather than flying out horizontally.
     
  9. Hope this works, we'll see!
     

    Attached Files:

  10. Hmm, gravity pulling them down would be my guess?
     
  11. that helps....... set up free body diagram for the girl........there is tension in the wire
     
  12. I assume that because she is staying in place in the y direction, that the y direction is in equilibrium.

    So here's what I have:

    Tcos(30) = m * (9.8)

    (Another possibility that is coming to mind is: Force(out) + W = T)

    (Here's the other possibility running through my mind: Force(out) = Tsin(30) for the x direction)
     
  13. PeterO

    PeterO 2,319
    Homework Helper

    It would be useful to know the other formula for centripetal acceleration

    Ac = V2/R or 4∏2R/T2

    Where T is the period.
     
  14. which component of tension is acting as a centripetal force ?
     
  15. The centripetal force should be Tsin(30), I think?
     
  16. PeterO

    PeterO 2,319
    Homework Helper

    That's true. Did you read post #12
     
  17. yes........ we also know that the centripetal force is

    [tex]\frac{mv^2}{r}[/tex]

    and you already said [tex]T\cos(30)=mg[/tex] so can you manipulate these
     
  18. Ok here's what I got:

    F(out) = m*a1 = Tsin(30)

    W = M*a2 = Tcos(30)

    So if you divide the two you get: (m*a1/m*a2) = Tsin(30)/Tcos(30)
    which reduces to
    (a1/a2) = sin(30)/cos(30) or (a1/9.8) = .577

    .577(9.8) = a1 = 5.66 m/s^2

    So 5.66 = 4(pi)^2R/t^2,
    5.66 = 217.13/t^2
    t^2 = 217.13/5.66
    t = sqrt(217.13/5.66) = 6.19 seconds

    That's what the answer is supposed to be. Thank you so much guys, I've been working on that problem for HOURS!
     
  19. don't forget to put figures when they are provided......without the figures its difficult for people here to understand........always post the problem AS it appears in the text.....
    don't psycho-analyse the problem and write what YOU think the problem statement is...

    you will likely get more help when you present the problem and your attempted work in organised manner.....

    good luck [tex]\smile[/tex]
     
  20. PeterO

    PeterO 2,319
    Homework Helper

    You have the right answer, but I do not like the bit I highlited red. It looks like you think there is an outward force - the centrifugal force. There is no such force. The net force on the people on the device is INWARDS - the centripetal Force.
     
  21. vela

    vela 12,444
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    From what you've written, it also looks like you don't understand how to apply ƩF=ma. What are a1 and a2 supposed to represent? The horizontal and vertical components of acceleration?

    Back in post #11, you said correctly that the acceleration in the vertical direction was 0 because the girl wasn't moving vertically, so the equations should be of the form:
    \begin{align*}
    \sum F_x &= ma_x = m\left(\frac{v^2}{r}\right) \\
    \sum F_y &= ma_y = m(0)
    \end{align*}
    where ax=v2/r is the centripetal acceleration and ay=0.
     
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