1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Inclined plane and force of friction

  1. Mar 12, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    I am having some difficulties finding out the force of friction for an inclined plane. If we know the mass of the object, the angle of the inclined plane, and the acceleration, how to we find Ff?

    I know how to draw the diagrams, but I can't seem to find what force of friction is without a coefficient of friction or an applied force.


    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 12, 2008 #2

    rock.freak667

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    I am assuming that the object is moving down the plane so that acceleration you have times the mass gives the resultant force down the plane.
    The component of the objects weight acts down the plane...and the frictional force opposes this motion(i.e. acts up the plane). Can you now form an equation for the resultant force from these two forces?
     
  4. Mar 12, 2008 #3
    That makes sense. How do we know how many components to use for net force in a given problem? I was making this much more complicated than it is..

    This is partially because I am teaching this to myself and I came across one question whcihO involved the sum of the applied force, parallel component to the gravitational force, and applied force. I didn't really understand why... It was in equilibrium so the added to equal 0.
     
  5. Mar 13, 2008 #4

    rock.freak667

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    When dealing with problems involving inclined planes, spit the weight of the object into its components (One will always be perpendicular to the plane and the other will always be parallel to it acting down the plane).

    After you have done that, consider the direction of motion. If the object does not move then the resultant force acting on it is zero. If the object moves down the plane then the resultant force is the sum of the forces acting down the plane(in the direction of motion)- the sum of the forces opposing motion(i.e. up the plane)

    Post the question and I will see if I can help you understand it better
     
  6. Mar 13, 2008 #5
    You slide a 325N trunk up a 20degree inclined plane with constant motion by exerting a force of 211N parallel to the inclined plane.

    what is the sum of the applied force, friction, and the parallel component to the trunks weight? why?


    thanks in advanced
     
  7. Mar 13, 2008 #6

    rock.freak667

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    ok well the resultant force is ma

    the component of the 325N against motion is 325sin20

    so that ma=211-325sin20-F (F is frictional force)...I hope you reached that far

    The question stated that motion was constant. Remember what Newton's first law says about if a body moves with constant motion in a straight line?
     
  8. Mar 13, 2008 #7
  9. Mar 13, 2008 #8

    rock.freak667

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    Right. so that the net force is zero

    so that the sum of the forces is zero. But they did say that there is motion (which is constant). Now if the net force is zero,what does that mean for the acceleration? And hence velocity?
     
  10. Mar 13, 2008 #9
    a=0, velocity=constant
     
  11. Mar 13, 2008 #10

    rock.freak667

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    Right.So the object is not in equilibrium but is just moving with a constant velocity.
     
  12. Mar 13, 2008 #11
    one last question. If I was dealing with a system that contained three blocks attached by a string such as:

    []-[]-[]

    and they were accelerating in the right direction, when I am calculating the total frictional force, do I add up all of the normals for the equation Ff=ufn?
     
  13. Mar 13, 2008 #12

    rock.freak667

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    Yes you would.
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?



Similar Discussions: Inclined plane and force of friction
Loading...