# Integral calculation using areas

#### mech-eng

Problem Statement
The problem requires interpreting integrals as areas when calculating. $\int_1^2 (1-2x)dx$
Relevant Equations
Are of a triangle is base X height.
Evaluate the integral using the properties of definite integral and interpreting integrals as areas.

$\int_{-1}^2 (1-2x)dx$

I need to see there are two areas and these are the same but one is under x-axis the other is above x-axis so the value of the integral is zero. To see this is difficult to me.

Source: Calculus A Complete Course by Robert A. Adams

Thanks.

Related Calculus and Beyond Homework News on Phys.org

#### LCKurtz

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Gold Member
Evaluate the integral using the properties of definite integral and interpreting integrals as areas.

$\int_{-1}^2 (1-2x)dx$

I need to see there are two areas and these are the same but one is under x-axis the other is above x-axis so the value of the integral is zero. To see this is difficult to me.

Source: Calculus A Complete Course by Robert A. Adams

Thanks.
In the right hand triangle the height is negative because $y$ is negative. That's why the integral for that part gives a negative area. If you want the geometric area use $y_{\text{upper}}-y_{\text{lower}} = 0 -(1-2x)$ in your integrand for the right hand integral.

#### fresh_42

Mentor
2018 Award One area is oriented: first in direction +x then in direction -y (green), and the other area is oriented: first in direction +x then in direction +y (red), which results in a different sign, because the orientation has changed.
To calculate the area, the absolute values of both integrals have to be added (split att x=1/2), and to calculate the integral, the areas will cancel out to zero.

### Want to reply to this thread?

"Integral calculation using areas"

### Physics Forums Values

We Value Quality
• Topics based on mainstream science
• Proper English grammar and spelling
We Value Civility
• Positive and compassionate attitudes
• Patience while debating
We Value Productivity
• Disciplined to remain on-topic
• Recognition of own weaknesses
• Solo and co-op problem solving