Kinematics - identifying and describing types of motion

In summary, the truck moved at a slower pace for 8 km and then quickly moved 14.0 km (South) in 15 min.
  • #1
alexandria
169
2

Homework Statement


upload_2016-3-21_22-58-51.png


Homework Equations


average speed = total distance/total time
average velocity = total displacement/total time

The Attempt at a Solution


please verify if my answers are correct. Thanks :D
im specifically having doubts about a), i don't know how to identify when the truck moves at a quicker or slower pace. I've placed a star * beside phrases that i feel are incorrect. Please check them out.
23. [/B]

a)

The truck *quickly moved 14.0 km (South) in 15 min. The truck continued another 6 km at a *slower pace over 10 min, and then stayed at this location for 5 min. The truck moved at a *slower pace and continued on for another 8 km towards the destination, taking 15 min for this portion of its journey.

b)

This motion represents non-uniform motion. This can easily be seen, since there are changes in the slope of the graph. This indicates that there are changes in the truck’s velocity and direction. As the truck picks up and delivers a cargo of cabbage, it will need to make turns on to other roads, change direction to take different routes, slow down at stop signs and traffic lights, and speed up to pass stop signs and traffic lights. In this case, the truck is not maintaining a constant velocity and is changing directions, so it is an example of non-uniform motion.

c)

total time = 25 min

total displacement: d = 14.0 km + 6.0 km = 20 km

average velocity = total displacement / total time

average velocity = 20 km / 25 min

average velocity = 0.8 km /mind)

Total displacement = 8.0 km (S)

t = 25 min

Average velocity = total displacement / total time

Average velocity = 8.0 km (S) / 25 min

Average velocity = 0.32 km/min (S)
 
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  • #2
alexandria said:
The truck *quickly moved 14.0 km (South) in 15 min. The truck continued another 6 km
You might want to think about that again.
Also, I suggest mentioning constant speed, where appropriate.
 
  • #3
a) You should not use non-quantified words such as "quick" and "slow". Quote the actual speed.

b) You are here mostly describing a real truck, not the one in the graph, which only moves in one direction. Everything after "As the truck" is superfluous and not part of the solution.

c) This is average speed, not average velocity. Please use correct terminology. You also have not distinguished what you call "total displacement" in c from what you call the same in d!
 

Related to Kinematics - identifying and describing types of motion

1. What is kinematics?

Kinematics is the branch of physics that studies the motion of objects without taking into consideration the forces that caused the motion.

2. What are the different types of motion?

The different types of motion are linear motion, circular motion, rotational motion, and oscillatory motion. Linear motion is when an object moves in a straight line, circular motion is when an object moves along a circular path, rotational motion is when an object spins around an axis, and oscillatory motion is when an object moves back and forth around a central point.

3. How is velocity different from speed in kinematics?

In kinematics, speed refers to the rate at which an object covers distance, while velocity refers to the rate at which an object changes its position. Velocity also takes into account the direction of motion, whereas speed does not.

4. What is the difference between displacement and distance in kinematics?

Displacement refers to the change in an object's position from its original starting point to its final position, while distance refers to the total length of the path traveled by the object. Displacement takes into account direction, whereas distance does not.

5. How is acceleration calculated in kinematics?

Acceleration is calculated by dividing the change in an object's velocity by the time it took for the change to occur. The formula for acceleration is a = (vf - vi)/t, where a is acceleration, vf is final velocity, vi is initial velocity, and t is time.

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