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Kinematics involving two balls travelling at opposing directions

  • Thread starter maiad
  • Start date
  • #1
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Homework Statement


A blue ball is thrown upward with an initial speed of 20.4 m/s, from a height of 0.5 meters above the ground. 2.5 seconds after the blue ball is thrown, a red ball is thrown down with an initial speed of 9.8 m/s from a height of 23.9 meters above the ground. The force of gravity due to the earth results in the balls each having a constant downward acceleration of 9.81 m/s2.

How long after the blue ball is thrown are the two balls in the air at the same height


Homework Equations


Xf=Xi+Vit+0.5a^2


The Attempt at a Solution


Blue ball:
Vi=20.4 m/s
a=-9.81
Xi=0
t=t-2.5

Red ball:
Vi=-9.8
a=-9.81
xi=23.4
t=t

The height is different because i chose the blue ball as reference point.
I plugged the values into the equation and equated them giving me:
20.4(t-2.5)-4.9(t+2.5)^2=23.4-9.8t-4.9t^2

further simplifying i get....
-4.1t-4.9t^2-81.6=23.4-9.8t-4.9t^2
then...
5.7t=105
t=18.4s

which is wrong. can someone tell me where i went wrong?
 
Last edited:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
TSny
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Blue ball:
t=t-2.5

Red ball:
t=t
Does the blue ball travel for more time or less time than the red ball?
 
  • #3
gneill
Mentor
20,793
2,773

Homework Statement


A blue ball is thrown upward with an initial speed of 20.4 m/s, from a height of 0.5 meters above the ground. 2.5 seconds after the blue ball is thrown, a red ball is thrown down with an initial speed of 9.8 m/s from a height of 23.9 meters above the ground. The force of gravity due to the earth results in the balls each having a constant downward acceleration of 9.81 m/s2.
Okay, those are the facts, but what is the question? What are you trying to determine?
 
  • #4
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Does the blue ball travel for more time or less time than the red ball?
The ball traveled for a longer time so i switched the signs but i still got the wrong answer.
 
  • #5
TSny
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The question asks for the time after the blue ball is thrown. Note that you defined t so that it gives the time after the red ball is thrown. Did you take that into account?
 
  • #6
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okay i got the answer but i'm not sure why i had to add 2.5 second to the "t" that i found. Is it because the t was referring to the time that the red ball took, but the blue ball got a 2.5s head start?
 
  • #7
TSny
Homework Helper
Gold Member
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Yes, that's right. If you look at your original post you can see where you let t stand for the time the red ball traveled and (after correction) you let t + 2.5 represent the time for the blue ball.
 
  • #8
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if i let the red ball's t be t-2.5 will it give me the same answer?
 
  • #9
1,065
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It is easier to see if you make the reference point as the position and velocity of after 2.5s since the red ball exists only on 2.5th sec.

As for your calculation the time for blue ball should be (t) and time for red ball is (t-25)
 

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