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Lab Experiment for Preparation of Ammonia

  1. Jul 19, 2007 #1
    Hello ,
    We tried to demonstrate preparation of Ammonia by mixing Ammonium Chloride and Calcium Hydroxide in round bottom flask mixed in the proportion of 2:3 .
    The flask was in a slanting position with the delivery tube attached to a decicator with Calcium Oxide for drying the gas.
    A Flask was attached to the outlet of the decicator for gas collection.

    There was no resultant ammonia collected in the collection flask despite a visible flow of gas from the round bottom flask to the decicator on heating.

    Need help on identifying the failure of the experiment and suggestions on the rectifications needed to make the experiment sucessful

    rgds
    Bhuvana
    bhuwana65@yahoo.com
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 19, 2007 #2
    You need to heat your solution (you did add water right?) of ammonium chloride and calcium hydroxide. Calcium hydroxide is rather insoluble so it's rather weak at making ammonia, but at near boiling temperatures it should definitely work.
     
  4. Jul 19, 2007 #3

    mrjeffy321

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    How did you test for the presence of Ammonia in the collection flask?
     
  5. Jul 20, 2007 #4
    Thanks for your prompt replies .
    My replies as below :
    1) since water is produced during the reaction I did not add water . If water is to to be added please advice on the proportion to be added.
    2) the presence of ammonia was tested using red litmus paper which turned blue initially .

    Await your further help.
    Regards
    Bhuvana
     
  6. Jul 20, 2007 #5

    chemisttree

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    Not so. The solubility of lime (calcium hydroxide) decreases as temperature increases. Lime has its highest solubility at near freezing temperature...
     
  7. Jul 20, 2007 #6

    chemisttree

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    When testing for the presence of ammonia gas, it is best to wet the litmus paper.

    You really need to add some water to your experiment. Sugar (sucrose) will aid the solubilization of lime. I would prepare a 10% sucrose solution and add that to the lime. Stir for 5 minutes or so and then add the ammonium chloride. The lime does not need to completely dissolve. I would use a 5:1 ratio of sucrose solution to lime. The amount of ammonium chloride should be 1.5 times the amount of the lime added.
     
    Last edited: Jul 20, 2007
  8. Jul 20, 2007 #7
    Can anybody suggest a site which give details of various quantum numbers and order of filling up the orbitals (for Grade 11 students)
    bhuwana
    bhuwana65@yahoo.com
     
  9. Jul 20, 2007 #8
    This is true, but increasing the temperature to increase the solubility was not my point. It is necessary to increase the temperature in order to increase the rate of reaction. I've performed a similar experiment before using ammonium nitrate and calcium hydroxide and at room temperature you only get a VERY weak smell of ammonia, but near boiling it really starts coming over.

    So, bhuwana, I would suggest at least enough water to dissolve the ammonium chloride and to heat your solution. Calcium hydroxide works for producing ammonia but not as easily as more soluble hyroxides like sodium hydroxide.
     
    Last edited: Jul 20, 2007
  10. Jul 31, 2007 #9
    Dear all,
    Thanks a lot,my experiment withn ammonia preparation went off suceesfully and i could also perform fountain expt.
    bhuwana
     
  11. Jul 31, 2007 #10

    chemisttree

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    What is the fountain experiment?
     
  12. Jul 31, 2007 #11

    mrjeffy321

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  13. Jan 6, 2008 #12
    For Class XII students ,I am conducting Qualitative salt analysis.While analysing various salt mixtures we had a problem with a particular mixture
    It was Leadnitrate+Calcium carbonate.
    The mixture does not dissolve in Cold Water/Hot water/Cold dilue Hcl/Hot Dilute Hcl.What i mean we do not get a clear solution to go to Group I,which is lead
    In addition to that Lead precipates again In Group IVas lead sulphide in black colour( in presence of NH4cl+in excess of NH4OH+H2S).
    It is very confusing.How to guide them .Pl.help
    Bhuvana
     
  14. Jan 7, 2008 #13

    chemisttree

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    Lead is always a problem when you use HCL. The solubility product of lead chloride is 1.6X10^-5 so adding excess HCl to dissolve these will ultimately lead to problems.

    Take your cue from the soluble salts of lead, especially nitrate. Try dissolving the calcium carbonate in nitric acid instead.

    Good luck.
     
  15. Feb 19, 2009 #14
    Hi
    I'm also trying to prepare Ammonia and can you all please just say how you prepare it again I kind of got lost.
    Thanks
     
  16. Jul 20, 2009 #15
    uhh can anyone tell answer my question please. why is the mixture of ammonium chloride and calcium hydroxide a paste instead of a solution?
     
  17. Jul 20, 2009 #16

    chemisttree

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    Because you didn't add enough water to completely dissolve the solids.
     
  18. Jul 21, 2009 #17
    So u mean to say i gotta add more water???
     
  19. Jul 21, 2009 #18
    but i got a question to answer here "Y IS THE MIXTURE A PASTE INSTEAD OF A solution
     
  20. Jul 23, 2009 #19

    chemisttree

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    Why is something not in solution? The general answer is that not enough solvent is used.

    Why are we using the ingredients as a paste instead of a solution is a different question altogether.... Think about the solubility of both ingredients briefly and see if something doesn't come to you.
     
  21. Jul 23, 2009 #20
    We were given paste instead of solution. The question goes like this "In the preparation of ammonia why is the mixture of ammonia Chloride and Calcium hydroxide a paste NOT a solution." and "Why cant anhydrous calcium chloride be used to dry ammonia"
     
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