# Legendre Polynomials - how to find P0(u) and P2(u)?

1. May 8, 2014

### rwooduk

Pl(u) is normalized such that Pl(1) = 1. Find P0(u) and P2(u)

note: l, 0 and 2 are subscript

recursion relation

an+2 = [n(n+1) - l (l+1) / (n+2)(n+1)] an

n is subscript

substituted λ = l(l+1) and put n=0 for P0(u) and n=2 for P2(u), didnt get very far

please could someone give me a point in the right direction or a youtube video to explain the process used to solve this? really lost.

thanks for any advice

2. May 8, 2014

### Ray Vickson

You wrote
$$a_n + 2 = \left[n(n+1) - \frac{l(l+1)}{(n+2)(n+2)} \right] a_n$$
Is that what you really mean, or did you want
$$a_{n+2} = \left[ \frac{n(n+1) - l(l+1)}{(n+2)(n+1)}\right] a_n ?$$
If so, please use parentheses properly.

Anyway, I don't see what this approach will get you, since you have the recursion for a fixed value of $l$---that is, the recursion that tells you how to get $P_l(x)$ for fixed $l$, given some initial conditions. There is nothing there that tells you how to relate $P_{l-1}(x)$ and $P_{l+1}(x)$ to $P_l(x)$. Normalization comes from outside the differential equation and outside the recursion. Look up Legendre functions in a textbook or via Google.

Note added in edit: I see that you might have meant $P_l$; the font you used made it look like $P_1$. Anyway, you might find it useful to look at http://www.phys.ufl.edu/~fry/6346/legendre.pdf .

Last edited: May 8, 2014
3. May 8, 2014

### rwooduk

apologies, yes it's this:

i think the idea is to put l=0 for P0(u) and l=2 for P2(u)

but not really sure what to do after that.

will have a look at the link, thank-you.

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