Linear Algebra T/F: 15 Questions and Answers

In summary: Can you give an example?10. False. At least one of them could be in R^2.11. False. Have a feeling because multiplication properties of matrices are not the same the other way around.12. True. Because A is invertible if and only if A is row equivalent to I(identity matrix).13. True. Can be reduced to identity matrix. 14. True. Got a hunch that it is true, but not completely sure that it is true. 15. True. Multiplication rules.
  • #1
Winzer
598
0

Homework Statement



I want to make sure I understand this.
True False.
1. Every matrix is row equivalent to a unique matrix in echelon form.
2. If u,v, and w are nonzero vectors in R2 then w is a linear combination of u and v.
3. If a system of linear equations has no free variables, then it has a unique solution.
4. If a system of linear equations has two different solutions, it must have infinitely many solutions.
5. If matrices A and B are row equivalent, they have the same reduced echelon form.
6. If an n x n matrix A has n pivot positions, then the reduced echelon form of A is the n x n identity matrix.
7. A linear transformation is a function.
8. If a system Ax = b has more than one solution then so does the system Ax = 0.
Question 8 answers
9.The equation Ax = 0 has the trivial solution if and only if there are no free variables.
10. If {u, v, w} is linearly independent, then u, v, and w are not in R2.
11.If BC = BD then C = D. For matrix
12. If AB = I, then A is invertible
13. If AB = BA and A is invertible, then A^-1*B = B*A^-1.
14.If b = [1 0 0]^T (i.e b is a column vector) and if A is a 3 x 3 matrix such that Ax = b has a unique solution, then A is invertible.
15.If AB = C and C has 2 columns, then A has 2 columns.


The Attempt at a Solution


1. True.
2. False. This is not true all the time.
3. False. It could be inconsistent with a pivot in last column.
4. True. Linear dependence?
5. True. Because two matrices are equivalent if they have the same solution set.
6. False. Not too sure on this one. Isn't an identity matrix formed by AC=CA=I(identity matrix)
7. True. Ax=b=T(x)
8.True.
9. True. Do they mean a trivial solution or solutions.?
10. False. At least one of them could be in R^2.
11. False. Have a feeling because multiplication properties of matrices are not the same the other way around.
12. True. Because A is invertable if and only if A is row equivalent to I(identity matrix).
13. True. Can be reduced to identity matrix.
14. True. Got a hunch that it is true, but not completely sure that it is true.
15. True. Multiplication rules.

Please tell me my wrong doings and tell me why please. Thanks.
 
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  • #2
:zzz::zzz:
 
  • #3
:cry::cry::cry::cry:
 
  • #4
Impatient, aren't you?

Winzer said:

Homework Statement



I want to make sure I understand this.
True False.
1. Every matrix is row equivalent to a unique matrix in echelon form.
2. If u,v, and w are nonzero vectors in R2 then w is a linear combination of u and v.
3. If a system of linear equations has no free variables, then it has a unique solution.
4. If a system of linear equations has two different solutions, it must have infinitely many solutions.
5. If matrices A and B are row equivalent, they have the same reduced echelon form.
6. If an n x n matrix A has n pivot positions, then the reduced echelon form of A is the n x n identity matrix.
7. A linear transformation is a function.
8. If a system Ax = b has more than one solution then so does the system Ax = 0.
Question 8 answers
9.The equation Ax = 0 has the trivial solution if and only if there are no free variables.
10. If {u, v, w} is linearly independent, then u, v, and w are not in R2.
11.If BC = BD then C = D. For matrix
12. If AB = I, then A is invertible
13. If AB = BA and A is invertible, then A^-1*B = B*A^-1.
14.If b = [1 0 0]^T (i.e b is a column vector) and if A is a 3 x 3 matrix such that Ax = b has a unique solution, then A is invertible.
15.If AB = C and C has 2 columns, then A has 2 columns.


The Attempt at a Solution


1. True.
2. False. This is not true all the time.
Can you give an example in which it is not true? Aren't you then saying that the three vectors, u, v, w, are independent?

3. False. It could be inconsistent with a pivot in last column.
4. True. Linear dependence?
5. True. Because two matrices are equivalent if they have the same solution set.
6. False. Not too sure on this one. Isn't an identity matrix formed by AC=CA=I(identity matrix)
That's how it's defined. I'm not sure what you mean by "formed by". Certainly when you are using row reduction to solve a matrix equation, you try to convert the given matrix to the identity matrix. When is that not possible?

7. True. Ax=b=T(x)
8.True.
9. True. Do they mean a trivial solution or solutions.?
I'm not clear on what they mean myself. If a Ax= 0 has only the trivial solution, it is true, but Ax=0 "has" the trivial solution for any A.

10. False. At least one of them could be in R^2.
11. False. Have a feeling because multiplication properties of matrices are not the same the other way around.
12. True. Because A is invertable if and only if A is row equivalent to I(identity matrix).
13. True. Can be reduced to identity matrix.
I'm not sure what you mean by that. I would just start with AB= BA and multiply by A-1 on left and right.

14. True. Got a hunch that it is true, but not completely sure that it is true.
It's kind of obvious isn't it? If A is not invertible then Ax= b has either an infinite number of solutions or no solution depending upon whether b is in the image of A or not.

15. True. Multiplication rules.

Please tell me my wrong doings and tell me why please. Thanks.
 
  • #5
2. False. I am pretty sure because one of the vectors could not be a linear combination of the two.

4. I am actually having doubts on.

6. False. I still think because an identity matrix can't be formed all the time.

How do the others look?

12. This should be false actually because we do not know if BA=I
 
  • #6
2. What about u = 2v ?

4. Write the system as Ax = b. When are there no solutions, when is there exactly one, and when is there more than one? If there is more than one, must there necessarily be infinitely many?

6. Consider this 3x3 matrix
[tex]\begin{pmatrix} 1 & 3 & 2 \\ 0 & 4 & 6 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{pmatrix}[/tex]
First use row two to get zero in the first row, second column
[tex]\begin{pmatrix} 1 & 0 & * \\ 0 & 4 & 6 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{pmatrix}[/tex]
Now use row three to get zero in the third column
[tex]\begin{pmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 4 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{pmatrix}[/tex]
and divide the second row by four.
Can you generalize this algorithm to any dimension, or point out where it would go wrong?

12. Try sandwiching AB between B on the left and B^{-1} on the right.
 

Related to Linear Algebra T/F: 15 Questions and Answers

1. Is linear algebra only used in mathematics?

No, linear algebra is used in various fields such as physics, engineering, computer science, and economics.

2. Can I use linear algebra to solve real-life problems?

Yes, linear algebra is a powerful tool that can be applied to solve real-life problems such as optimizing resources, analyzing data, and modeling systems.

3. Do I need to have a strong background in mathematics to understand linear algebra?

While a basic understanding of algebra and calculus is helpful, linear algebra can be learned by anyone with dedication and practice.

4. Are there any practical applications of linear algebra?

Yes, linear algebra has numerous practical applications such as image and signal processing, machine learning, and cryptography.

5. Can I use linear algebra to solve systems of equations with multiple variables?

Yes, in fact, solving systems of equations is one of the fundamental applications of linear algebra.

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