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Linear Transformation Question

  1. Mar 14, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Let V = F^n
    for some n ≥ 1. Show that there do not exist linear maps
    S, T : V → V such that ST − T S = I.

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I used induction to prove that ST^n-T^nS = nT^n-1 and that S^nT-TS^n=nS^n-1, and I know I'm supposed to use that to come up with a contradiction to the fact that the space is finite dimensional, but I'm not sure how to approach that part of the problem.
    Any help is appreciated
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 14, 2013 #2

    Mark44

    Staff: Mentor

    I don't understand why you're doing this; i.e., looking at Tn.

    V is an n-dimensional vector space over some field F - that's what Fn means.

    It seems to me that the most obvious way to approach this problem is to assume that there are linear maps from V to V such that ST - TS = I. If you get a contradiction, and you should, you can conclude that no such maps exist.
     
  4. Mar 14, 2013 #3
    The hint that was given was to prove that ST^n-T^nS = nT^n-1 (which I did) and see how it bring about a contradiction, but I don't see how the second part works.
     
  5. Mar 14, 2013 #4

    Dick

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    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    You know every matrix satisfies its characteristic polynomial. Try working with that. The easy alternate way to do it is to take the trace of both sides. I think both might get into trouble if the field has finite characteristic. Can it?
     
  6. Mar 14, 2013 #5
    Looking at the trace it seems so obvious now, thank you!
     
  7. Mar 14, 2013 #6

    Dick

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    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    That has some qualifications depending on what F is. In some finite fields, trace(I) is zero. You can also argue using the hint and the characteristic polynomial, but I think that has the same qualification. If the field is such that 1+1+...+1 (n times) isn't equal to zero, then it should work.
     
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